Immediately after the move it is necessary to provide the plant with a 14-day quarantine. Orchid should be placed separately from other flowers. A bedside table is quite suitable for this purpose, provided that there is no place for a flower on the windowsill. In addition, a plant that has been in the store for a long time does not need direct sunlight. The orchid should be restful.
Do not in the first two weeks after the move to make any fertilizer. It is necessary that the flower independently adapted to the surrounding conditions.
It is also worth refusing from watering, but you need to carefully monitor the condition of the leaves and stem of the plant. This will allow timely identification of possible pests and prevent their reproduction.
After 2 weeks, you can put an orchid on the window sill, but this should be done gradually, at first only in the morning and evening, so that she gets used to the sun. From the same time you can begin to water the flower.
Orchid Transplant Brief
As a rule, for two years the purchased orchid will not require transplantation. However, if Sphagnum moss was used in the store as a soil for the plant, then it is necessary to replant the flower as soon as possible.
After the plant is introduced into the new soil, there is no need to fertilize it. Simply hold it in a dry state, and it will independently get used to the new conditions. If there are no insects and spots on the orchid, then there is no need to treat the plant with any preparations. Extra chemicals can harm even an absolutely healthy flower.
As practice shows, a newly purchased and transplanted plant does not need anything other than complete rest. You should not even water it. Thus, it maximizes its own strength and adapts to new conditions.
The health of the plant and the frequency of the appearance of flowers depends on how well the lighting is chosen. If the orchid has enough sunlight, then it will bloom regularly. The fact that the plant needs additional lighting will be indicated by pale leaves, which will later stretch and turn yellow.
In order for the orchid to feel as comfortable as possible, you should follow simple rules:
Do not allow direct sunlight on the flower. Light must be scattered.
In the summer months it is best to use a matte film on the windows to darken the plant's habitat a little. This will avoid burning the leaves.
In the autumn, the sun is not so intense, so the film can be removed. Soft rays will not harm the plant, but will contribute to its comfortable transition to a state of rest. At this time, old shoots ripen, as well as the start of new ones, which will become flowers in the future.
The lack of light harms the orchid as much as its overabundance. For the normal growth of a flower, a light day should last at least 12 hours. Therefore, in winter it is necessary to provide the plant with artificial lighting. To do this, you can use a lamp with fluorescent lamps.
Selection of the optimal temperature for orchids
The temperature regime must be selected depending on the type of orchid:
Orchid "Lady's Slipper", as well as flowers of the genus Dendrobium and Lelia are cold-loving plants. They grow in countries with a subtropical climate, as well as in the highlands. For such varieties of orchids, the best summer temperature is 22 degrees, and winter - 12-15 ° C.
Orchids of the Miltonia and Odontoglossum genus belong to plants that prefer average temperature values. They grow in the mountainous regions of tropical countries. The optimum daily temperature for such flowers in the summer months is 18-22 degrees, and in winter –12-15 ° C.
Orchids of Cattleya, Phalaenopsis and some flowers of the genus Dendrobium are heat-loving plants. Their natural habitat is the forest belt of the coastal tropics and tropical plains. The optimum daily temperature range for these varieties: 15-32 degrees in summer, 15-18 ° C in winter. It is important that daily temperature fluctuations do not exceed a range of 3-5 ° C.
Thus, almost all orchids are able to tolerate daytime temperatures of 18-27 ° C, and nighttime temperatures of 13-24 degrees.
Orchid is a plant that does not tolerate stagnant moisture, so watering should be moderate. However, the irrigation mode is different for different types of flowers. For example, orchids of the genus Oncidium and Dendrobium require moisture only after the ground dries out completely. In turn, orchids Phalaenopsis and Pafiopedilum varieties prefer moist soil.
In any case, all orchids tolerate drought much better than excessive watering. During active growth, during the ejection of peduncles and in the process of flowering, they require more moisture. The lack of moisture indicates the appearance of wrinkles on the leaves and wrinkling of the pseudobulb. Overabundance of water is characterized by yellowed and sodden leaves, as well as rotting of the roots.
In winter, at low temperatures and in low light, you do not need to water the plant at all. Orchid hydration should be very moderate during the post-flowering period, as well as in the resting stage.
Water, which is used for watering a flower, must be soft. It is good if there is an opportunity to water the plant with thawed or settled rain water. If this is not possible, then use ordinary boiled water for irrigation.
In the summer months, the dry surface of the soil will indicate the need for soil moisture. As a rule, 2-3 irrigations per week are enough to make the orchid feel comfortable. You should also pay attention to the pseudobulb. If it shrinks and shrinks, then the flower needs additional moisture.
It is equally important to properly water the orchid. To do this, it is necessary to put it right in the pot in a bowl filled with warm water. The exposure time is 10 minutes. You can use the shower, watering the plant from above. In the latter case, it is important to allow excess moisture to drain. For this, the pot is placed on the grate so that the water goes through the drainage holes. Only after that the flower can be returned to the decorative pot.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Fertilizers need to be no more than 1 time in 14-21 days. This should be done only when the orchid is in the phase of active growth. You can use feedings such as Bona Forte, Pocon, Greenworld. You should not put a large dose of fertilizer into the pot than indicated on the package.
Flowers do not tolerate mineral salts, and their excess concentration can lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, it is important to wash the soil with running water 1 time per week. It is possible to alternate fertilization with washing: 1 week - watering, 1 week - top dressing.
Do not use fertilizer for fertilizing orchids that are designed for other plants. There is no need to make them in the winter and in the rest period.
Most flower growers believe that frequent feeding orchids only harms the plant. This adversely affects the state of its natural immunity, with the result that the flower begins to suffer more often from various diseases.
Fertilization can be avoided altogether if the frequency of soil renewal is observed. In order for the plant to get all the nutrients out of it, the soil needs to be changed at least once every two years.
Orchid reproduction with stem shoots
Stem offspring or orchid “babes” are small new plants. Such shoots are formed in those flowers that have an increased level of nitrogen. If such lateral processes have appeared on the orchid, you should start to spray it more often and wait for the moment until the shoots take root. When this happens, you can separate the stalk from the main flower, after which it must be treated with powdered charcoal and planted in a separate pot.
Reproduction orchids layering
Layers are available for those orchids that grow horizontally (sympodial plants). They often appear in those flowers whose shoots have an elongated or thick cylindrical shape.
In order for the layers to awaken, it will be necessary to form a small greenhouse over the part of the flower where the buds have formed. To do this, you can use a plastic cup. To increase the humidity you need to spray the moss in the greenhouse, as well as the escape itself.
Approximately a month later, the warmth and moisture of the buds will awaken and new plants will appear, having their own leaves and roots. It will only be necessary to carefully separate them from the main trunk, process and transplant them into a separate pot. To strengthen the young shoots for some time they can be kept in the greenhouse.
Vegetative breeding method
With the help of vegetations can grow any species and varieties of plants. To do this, you need to divide the orchid root into several parts. It is important that at least 2 pseudobulbs remain on each part. It is not necessary to divide the rhizome of a young plant, it should be adult and strong.
The flower will need to be carefully removed from the pot, shake the ground from the roots and cut the root into several pieces. For this it is convenient to use garden shears. Sections need to be treated with charcoal and plant each part of the plant in different pots. New orchids need to be watered and sprayed. When new leaves or shoots appear, you can stop spraying and intensive watering, as these formations indicate that the plant has begun.
How to care for an orchid in the flowering phase and after it?
If the plant has formed flowers, then the following care guidelines should be followed:
It is necessary to water the orchid intensively. It is best to do this with the help of the soul. Water should be warm. The optimum temperature is 35 ° C. It is important that the water does not remain at the growth point of the orchid, as this threatens to kill the plant.
The temperature at night should not be too low. It should be increased by 5 ° C from the recommended.
It is forbidden to replant the plant during flowering.
In the flowering phase, you can make feeding, but you should follow the measure.
Do not often move the orchid from one place to another, it will increase the flowering period.
Orchid care during rest
After the flower has become dry and blackened, it is necessary to cut it. The incision should be made at the very base. Feeding from the dormant period should be abandoned or minimized. In winter, the orchid is watered once a month, but you can spray the plant more often.
If the orchid does not bloom in due time, this indicates that it needs a transplant. You can try to move the pot to another place - this should help. It is also necessary to transfer a flower when its leaves shrivel and turn yellow, and the peduncle does not appear.
Proper care of such a fastidious plant as an orchid will allow it to achieve its regular and long flowering.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
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Violet contains all substances and elements that are useful for the human body. The plant has anti-inflammatory, diuretic, laxative and antimicrobial properties. It is also used as a good analgesic and sedative. Besides.
Aquilegia is used as an ornamental plant in rock gardens, on lawns, in group plantings among trees. It is distinguished by large beautiful flowers of the original form with characteristic spurs. Calyx five-leaved, many stamens, several pistils. A corolla with five petals at the end passes into the spur, crocheted at the end.
Pansies is a graceful annual or biennial plant that has heart-shaped leaves of no more than 5 cm in size. Such a flower grows about 20 cm in height. Branched ascending stem inside has an empty cavity, and the top is covered with short hairs.
Lobelia is an amazing perennial plant of the Kolokolchikovy family. Its homeland is considered the territory of southern Africa. For gardening purposes, this plant is used as an annual plant. Many types of lobelia are incredibly valued in medicine.
Rule 1: Age solves a lot
Orchids usually bloom between the ages of one and a half to three years, depending on the particular type of flower. Therefore, if the orchid does not suddenly rush to bloom, you need to ask about its age - perhaps the flower is just too young to bloom. To calculate the age of the orchid is easy by the number of shoots. In an adult plant, already ready to bloom, they will be about 5-8. The young, of course, will have fewer shoots. But the early flowering orchid often leads to the death of the plant, because the young flower, as a rule, can not recover after early flowering.
Rule 2: follow the roots
Since the roots of orchids are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis, it is very important to provide them with the appropriate amount of natural light. This is easy to do if planting a flower not in classic ceramic pots, but in modern ones - transparent, made of plastic, and equipped with a sufficient number of drainage holes. This will be the best solution that will allow the roots to develop without any problems. But pots with corrugated walls or sharp edges can cause harm to orchid roots, and therefore it is better to discard such containers from the beginning.
Rule 3: no need to move the pot
This is another purely orchid whim - the plant does not like it when it is moved. Any change in lighting conditions becomes a terrible stress for the orchid, after which the growth of speech can no longer be. Hence the third rule: it is better not to move the orchid pot at all, and if you move it, then try to keep the old type of plant lighting as precisely as possible. And it is better to completely abandon the movement of the flower during watering and during the emergence of the peduncle.
Rule 4: Vivifying Light - Nowhere Without It
Since the conversation touched the light, you need to remind the flower growers how demanding the orchid is for the light. Preferably, the light was sunny, and that the whole light day the plant was not in the shade. Naturally, it is difficult to fulfill such a condition, and therefore it is better for flower growers to buy phytolamp in advance - a special lamp that will provide the orchid a lot of light, but it will not dry the air around the flower or overheat the peduncle itself, which is also not desirable.
This rule is of particular importance if the orchid suddenly releases a flower stalk in winter or autumn — that is, at a time when the daylight is short and there is definitely not enough natural light. On such days, the illumination with phytolamp will provide invaluable help by not allowing the flower to dry out or stop developing. If the owner of the orchid cannot, for whatever reason, cover the entire plant, then in extreme cases only the tip of the peduncle can be highlighted.
Rule 5: Ensure proper watering.
Watering orchids is also a “delicate matter”.To prevent the roots of the plant from rotting, you need to water it only when the ground is completely dry, which will be approximately 10-12 days intervals. This rule applies to plants of all ages, and any season, with one small exception - it is necessary to reduce the watering of an orchid for 1 month after it has faded. This is due to the fact that in natural conditions, the seeds of an orchid, after its flowering, must fly apart from the mother flower for distances of several kilometers, which is possible only in dry and not rainy weather. If you create an orchid conditions close to natural, temporarily stop watering, the flower will bloom more often and in general will be more healthy.
Another small rule - water the orchid more often during the period before flowering and during the flowering period. In the future, you can return to the usual pattern of watering, which must be observed for flowers with the presence of pseudobulb, and for plants with more rigid leaves.
Rule 6: big temperature drops are evil
The orchid doesn’t like strong temperature fluctuations and only blooms well in conditions when the night temperature does not drop relative to daytime less than 4-6 ° C. It’s not easy to achieve this almost perfect climate. In the warm season, that is, from spring to autumn, the plant can stand on the balcony, where nature itself will provide a natural temperature difference (although one should not forget about sharp temperature fluctuations in both directions). But in the cold season for a capricious flower, you will have to look for a more suitable place somewhere in the house - for example, close to the battery.
It is also very important to air the room where the orchid grows, but do not abuse it, because the flower also does not tolerate drafts.
Rule 7: Fertilizers must also be correct.
Top dressing orchids - an important condition for its development and future flowering. It is best to use potassium and phosphorus supplements - thanks to them, flower buds appear faster, and the flowers in the subsequent turn out to be stronger and much healthier. But nitrogen-based fertilizing is not safe for orchids, because nitrogen inhibits the development of the peduncle.
Rule 8: comply with the norms of air humidity
And another requirement in the "piggy bank" of the vagaries of an orchid is air humidity. In rule number 3 it was already mentioned that the plant does not like dry air, because of which it can stop development or, as an option, the orchid can dry out both flowers and unblown buds.
Optimum air humidity for orchids is 60% and higher. This can be achieved by placing a saucer with water near the flower or, in a more arid season, by direct spraying. The latter method is especially good during the heating period, when it is warm outside, and the batteries are still warm, and the house turns hot.
Rule 9: Stress helps bloom
It happens that all the conditions seem to be fulfilled, and the damn flower does not allow the shooter, even though sit down and cry. The reason for this may be, as it is not paradoxical, excessively comfortable living conditions of the orchid. It is from an excess of comfort that the flower drives its strength to the growth of green mass, but if you plunge an orchid into temporary stress — for example, put it in a cool room or water less — it quickly stimulates flowering. True, this method is best left in case of emergency ...
The orchid has a rest period
The rest period of orchids begins after they bloom, and during this time the flower accumulates strength for the next flowering. Fortunately for flower growers, no special care is needed for an orchid that has gone "to rest". It is enough to follow the above 9 rules to keep the flower alive and healthy. Only the number and frequency of fertilizing during this period is better to reduce, because the orchid, as already mentioned, is resting.
But the rest period is the best time to transplant the plant. The orchid does not bloom temporarily, and therefore will transfer the transplant relatively calmly if, say, the roots have sprouted into drainage holes or if the soil dries out very quickly after watering. Usually a transplant is done once every 2-3 years or even less often if there is no urgent need for it.
What orchids are suitable for cutting
To make a wonderful bouquet of orchids, which will last not hours, but weeks, you need to use only cymbidiums, phalaenopsis and pafiopedilums. Other types of orchids wither quickly, and therefore are completely unsuitable for cutting. If you understand poorly in varieties of orchids, then when buying a flower for subsequent cutting, pay attention to its sepals and petals - if they are hard and shiny, as if covered with wax, then such flowers will stand for exactly a long time.
Orchids in a bouquet - is it possible to prolong their life?
If only “homemade” orchids, that is, growing in pots, have been discussed so far, now it's time to talk about bouquets of orchids donated for some kind of celebration. You can prolong their life if you follow some recommendations:
Under the stream of running water, cut the stems diagonally, and then repeat this procedure every 2-3 days.
Keep cut orchids only in boiled or filtered water, changing it periodically or adding fresh water.
To protect orchids from boundary temperatures, from sudden temperature changes, from a lack of light, from an overabundance of sunlight and from drafts - in this respect, “bouquet” orchids differ little from “potted”.
That's all. Just follow these numerous rules and then your orchid will bloom all year round - there is simply no other way.
Features of the life of the orchid in its natural habitat
Orchids grow on all continents except the snowy Arctic and Antarctic. The largest number of species found in the tropics. These flowers love heat and moisture.
Mention of orchids can be found:
- ancient Greek scientists, who considered the plant to be curative,
- the Indians brewed fragrant drinks from their pestle,
- among the peoples of Southeast Asia, who drove off evil spirits from their homes from their homes.
There are over 35,000 species of orchids. The color of flowers varies from white to purple and black.
Orchids are also divided into groups:
- land plants,
- living on the branches of trees.
It belongs to a group of plants that live on trees. Most of their roots float in the air, getting moisture out of it. Sometimes they form a thickening, resembling tubers, in which nutrients accumulate.
Rules for caring for a flower at home
It should be remembered that Phalaenopsis was brought from warm countries, and therefore requires heat and well-humidified air. This orchid clings to the trees and grows in the shade of their crown, hiding the leaves of the plant from direct sunlight.
In the pot you need to stick a strong long stick, which will serve as a support. Ordinary land for growing orchids can not be used. The stores sell special soil for this flower.
Proper home care for orchids is simple, you just need to follow the basic rules.
At home, orchid care is simple in terms of temperature. The apartment is always warm enough, but there are two dangerous factors.
- Air conditioning. It dramatically dries the air and after using it you must additionally spray the plant. In no case can not put an orchid under the stream of a working air conditioner.
- Draft. The flower does not like hypothermia, so the plant should be removed from the window sill at the time of airing the room.
If the orchid stops blooming, it requires a little stress. By reducing the daytime temperature to +12 ° C, and lowering the nighttime temperature by another couple of degrees, it is possible to achieve laying the buds. Noticing them, you should not abruptly interrupt the previous mode.
The tropical climate has a high level of humidity. The usual rate - from 60 to 70%. In apartments and houses it is much lower, especially during the heating season.
To keep a microclimate suitable for an orchid will help frequent spraying from a spray. Moreover, the water should be at room temperature and well settled. Moisturize the leaves and stem, avoiding inflorescences, should be at least 3-4 times a week.
If the air is too dry, you can buy a humidifier and put it in the room where the plant is located. The device will benefit not only him, but also people living in the apartment.
Caring for orchids at home provides a number of tricks. The flower can be planted not in a standard clay pot, but in a transparent plastic pot, through the walls of which the root system is visible. It is easy to make several slots in it and do not water the soil from above, but place it in a bowl with water for 5 minutes. So the roots will absorb the required amount of moisture, and it will not create a surplus.
If the walls of the pot are opaque, it is necessary to water the orchid as soon as the top layer of the earth feels dry to the touch. It is important not to fill the flower. In a natural environment, roots take the necessary amount of moisture from the bark of trees when it rains.
Many people succeed in dealing with this problem quite successfully. The orchid should be carefully removed from the ground, inspected the root system and cut off the rotted parts. It is better to replace the soil with a new one, because the old one remains too wet and is able to negate all the efforts to treat the flower.
In the cold season, watering orchids should be reduced, and in the summer, on the contrary, more often to check the condition of the soil. If the orchid does not have enough moisture, all its leaves will become thinner, and the lower ones will turn yellow and fall off. When the regime is restored, it will quickly come to life, but it is better not to allow such a situation.
If indoor orchid belongs to a group of land plants, such as Cymbidium, then caring for it at home will be somewhat different than Phalaenopsis. The composition of the soil for different species of these plants is markedly different.
Flowers growing on trees do not require soil containing nutrients, but the ground should allow excess moisture to evaporate quickly.
The best option is to buy orchid primer in the store and add several ingredients to it:
- pieces of expanded clay or foam,
- sphagnum moss,
- oak or pine bark,
- sunflower seeds,
All these elements will loosen the soil and increase the air flow to the roots, which is of great importance for Phalaenopsis. You should not mindlessly mix all the ingredients in the hope that the orchid will immediately begin to bloom luxuriantly.
Elements require thorough water and thermal purification. First they are washed, and the moss is soaked for a day to get rid of insects. Then additives that can be processed at high temperatures, dried in the oven. These actions will rid the roots of the plant from the fungus that breeds in moist soil.
Cymbidium living on the earth will require nutritional supplements in addition to normal soil. In this capacity, suitable leaves of non-poisonous plants and a mixture of peat and charcoal.
Any orchid needs a transplant every two years. During this period, the components of the soil are destroyed, making it difficult to ventilate the roots. In addition, the plant can outgrow its pot, and then its roots will begin to speak out. This leads to a shortage of mineral salts, even with regular soil recharge.
Carefully remove the orchid from the pot, brushing the roots from the stuck lumps of soil. It is undesirable to transplant a flowering plant, but the process will not cause much harm to it. Next, the flower is moved to a larger pot with freshly moistened soil.
The main problems with growing orchids
The plant can get sick even with strict observance of the conditions for its cultivation. Caring for orchids for beginners necessarily includes the study of manuals and instructions. They contain recommendations from experienced florists and information about flower features.
As already mentioned, the gulf of roots leads to their damage and the fall of the leaves. The appearance on the greens of yellow spots can provoke direct sunlight. With inadequate processing of soil components, a fungus develops in it, leading to the destruction of the root system. Loose leaves indicate a lack of moisture and too dry air.
Orchids are rather unpretentious, it is easy to care for them if you know the basic rules and take into account the specifics of the climate in which these flowers grow in nature.
Scientists conducting experiments to study the vital activity of flowers, believe that they communicate with each other by impulses and feel the thoughts of the owner.
It sounds a little fantastic, although how else to explain the reason why a rarely flowering plant blooms on the birthday of its owner or another memorable date? It, like any living creature, feels the love directed at him and tries to please the person caring for him with the lush green of the leaves and bright inflorescences.
Well-groomed orchids, growing on the windowsill, demonstrate attentiveness and responsibility of the owner and decorate any room.
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Orchid in the house: bad luck
It will take a lot to give these beautiful flowers the properties of an energetic vampire, which is not necessary to keep in their home. It is said that plants - energy vampires pull energy from people living with them under the same roof. With this omen, the Feng Shui doctrine, which is better related to most plants in the house and only encourages the presence of flowers in human life, does not argue.
It turns out that the thing is that the pollen of several species of this flower lulls man. There is also the opinion that the orchid is a male plant, but in fact everything is exactly the opposite. In fact, the female orchid, it helps the fair sex, at times increasing the attractiveness and femininity of its mistress.
Orchid has a negative impact on the male sex, it can make a man effeminate and pampered. For this reason, do not plant your plant in rooms of married couples, men, and little boys.
Bad signs associated with this flower, does not prohibit planting a plant, but impose some restrictions. As vampires, orchids are active at night, so they should be ordered into the bedroom. Be sure to make sure that the male part of your family at minimum contact with the flower. Put the beauty in the place where men are the least.
This is a female plant, do not decorate them the rooms and cabinets of men.
Orchid in the house: good signs
We have already said above that, according to Feng Shui, it is possible to plant orchids in the house with certain precautions. In this case, you will be able to avoid their negative influence, and they will be able to become a real talisman of any woman, helping to engage in creativity and develop talents.
But in order for the orchid to treat you well, take care of it properly, protect from disease and do not let the plants wither. The flower is able to prolong the youth of a woman, her health and good mood, it enhances all feminine qualities and gives attractiveness.
Orchid will expel negative energy from home and attract positive. It should pay attention to the color of the plant, because different colors have their influence.Among other things, this plant will be your protector, will save you from the guest who conceived evil, chase him away, provoking bad health.
Secret and overt enemies of the mistress of the orchid face headaches, a variety of disorders and anxiety states.
Signs with orchids of different colors
According to feng shui, orchids of different color have different effects on their host. For example, purple and red orchid flowers are designed to fight human laziness. They are great for dieters who quit smoking and for those who decide to go in for a healthy lifestyle.
Such plants in combination with your will will help you to achieve the desired. Also, red flowers will help you to finally do something that you have always postponed for the next Monday or tomorrow. Yellow flowers are needed in the house to the one who decided to climb the career ladder, they bring wealth to the house.
The same can be said about orange flowers, they help a person to be more active and take an active lifestyle. They are ideal for someone who believes that his life energy is running out, who suffers from laziness and can not begin to implement their ideas.
Orange Orchid helps to find inspiration and supports creative people. Pink and white orchids are designed for those who do not even know what inner harmony is, but they really want to find it. They are simply necessary for women who see black paint around, are prone to depression and melancholy.
Moreover, pink orchids will assist you in finding inner attractiveness and charm. In general, this flower is perfect for any woman who dreams to protect herself from negative energy, to emphasize her attractiveness and develop her creative features.
For flowering orchids
1. Find out the age of the plant
If you have purchased a plant that does not bloom, and it is not even going to start flower arrows, it is probably very young. Orchid of different species begins to bloom at the age of 1.5 - 3 years.
To understand that the flower is old enough, count the number of shoots. An adult plant that is ready to bloom has 5 to 8 shoots. If the orchid begins to bloom earlier, it is not always worth it to rejoice. The thing is that after flowering a young plant may need more recovery forces than it has. Because of this, the orchid may die.
2. Find a flower a permanent place.
Many orchid lovers are aware that moving for a plant is a big stress. The flower is experiencing hard even the most insignificant movements. The plant is very sensitive to light. Therefore, if it became necessary to rearrange the orchid, place it on the same side of the light source where it was in the same place.
Do not move the pot during watering. When moving, the growth of the flower stops, especially if it coincided with the appearance of the peduncle.
3. Pay attention to the roots.
Everyone who deals with orchids knows that the roots of the flower are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis, for this reason it is extremely important to ensure that they receive enough light. Since once again it is better not to move the plant, think about the roots beforehand. For example, do not purchase ceramic pots; instead, plant your flowers in transparent plastic, as there are usually many drainage holes in such pots.
It is also not recommended to choose a pot with corrugated walls, because orchid roots will grow over time to an uneven surface. Moreover, sharp potted elements can damage the root system, and therefore the entire plant.
4. Install the correct lighting
Sunlight - is one of the main factors affecting the flowering plants. If an orchid does not have full daylight (10-12 hours a day), it will not bloom. For this reason, in winter and autumn, when there is very little natural light, it is necessary to illuminate the plant with lamps.
There are so-called fitolamps that illuminate the plants, giving them the necessary bright light, while not drying out the air.
If your flower has released the flower in winter or autumn, be sure to ensure that it does not die due to lack of light. Indeed, without illumination at these times of the year, the flowerbird either stops developing or perishes.
If you do not have the opportunity to give the whole plant additional light, try to arrange additional lighting only on the tip of the peduncle. It is important to ensure that neither the peduncle nor the rest of the orchid is heated.
5. Take care of the allowable temperature difference.
Active catalyst for flowering of most orchid species is a slight difference in the ratio of day and night temperatures. That is, for your plant to bloom, during the day, the air temperature should be 4-6 degrees higher than at night.
Of course, throughout the year it is somewhat problematic to create such conditions, however, from late spring to early autumn, keep flowers outdoors, where the temperature difference occurs naturally.
With the onset of cold weather, when orchids have to move into the house, the room in which the flowers live, it is necessary to air regularly. However, this should be done with caution, because the plant is also afraid of drafts.
6. Ensure proper watering.
Water the orchid after the ground is completely dry. So you avoid rotting roots. This rule is universal for all seasons, and is suitable for orchids of any age. But there is one exception. After the flowering period is over, watering should be reduced by about a month.
When the orchid completes the cycle of flowering in nature, it begins to tie up the seeds, which should fly several kilometers in different directions. This happens only during dry periods, in the rainy season it is excluded. Therefore, try to provide your flower with conditions close to natural, so that the plant often blossoms and is healthy.
It is important to remember that before and during flowering an orchid needs more intensive watering than usual. In the dormant period, one month after the end of flowering, the plant with hard leaves and pseudobulbs is watered as usual.
7. Watch for air humidity
Another important condition for flowering - is the level of humidity. If the humidity is low, the plant can stop growing, and unblown buds and flowers can dry out.
To increase the humidity in the room, put a plate with water next to the orchid. Also during the heating season, when the air in the houses dries out as much as possible, the flower should be sprayed. For orchids suitable humidity from 60 percent and above.
8. Choose the right fertilizer.
When choosing fertilizer for orchids, pay attention to the presence of phosphorus and potassium in the composition, as they are the main growth stimulants of flower buds. Moreover, the use of such top dressing is a guarantee of the appearance of strong and healthy flowers in the plant. Try not to use nitrogen-based fertilizers, as this element stops the development of peduncles.
9. Sometimes an orchid can be scared.
Often, in order to make the plant bloom, he needs to make a small shake. It happens that even under all conditions, the orchid does not want to bloom. Sometimes the reason lies in the fact that your flower is too comfortable, and he directs all his strength to the growth of leaves.
Try to “shock” the plant a little: move the pot to a place where there is less light, or reduce watering a little.
Orchids in the resting period
After flowering, the plant begins a period of rest, during which the orchid accumulates strength for the next flowering. During this period, follow the usual methods of care. Keep the same watering, monitor the humidity, the amount of light, and conduct regular prevention against pests and diseases.
One important change: during the quiescent period, the frequency and volume of feeding should be slightly reduced. If it is necessary to transplant a plant, then it makes sense to do it during the period of rest, it is better right after the orchid has faded.
Transplantation must be done when the soil dries out too quickly after watering. As a rule, an orchid needs a transplant approximately 2-3 years after purchase.
A bouquet of orchids is beautiful. But, unfortunately, the flowers do not live long, and not every plant species is suitable for cutting. Let's see which orchids are suitable for bouquets, and what can we do to extend life to such a bouquet.
Orchids suitable for standing in a vase and keeping fresh for a long time are cymbidiums, phalaenopsis, and paphiopeduilums. These orchids can stand for several weeks and sometimes a month. Orchids of other species in cut form will not stand for even one hour, having withered right before our eyes.
If you buy cut orchids, pay attention primarily to the sepals and petals. They should be very tough and shiny, as if they were coated with wax. This flower will last a long time.
How to extend the life of a bouquet of orchids
Having brought a bouquet home, be sure to update the cut, cutting the stems diagonally. Perform the procedure under running running water, and update sections every 2-3 days. The water in which the cut orchids will stand should be clean and softened, you can use boiled or filtered.
Do not forget to change the water to fresh. Cut orchids, as well as orchids in pots, are very afraid of too low or too high temperatures. Keep them away from bright sun and drafts.
The frequency of watering.
The frequency depends on many factors: the lighting, the volume of the pot, the size of the root system. Water as needed: if the orchid grows, then the next watering only after the substrate dries out completely (and in the depth too), at rest - it is watered even less often. Ideally, the bulk of the roots should dry out within a day after watering, it is permissible - two. For example, we look at the phalaenopsis roots: watered - the roots turned green, then within 1-2 days they should turn white (but the substrate inside is still wet), wait for complete drying (indirectly can be determined by the absence of condensation on the walls of the pot) and then pour (in case of normal illumination and moisture capacity of the substrate - this is approximately once a week). With other orchids, everything is absolutely the same. If the drying time is longer, it is necessary to determine what interferes. As a rule, either increasing the illumination or replacing the substrate solves the problem. As a rule, improper watering sooner or later leads to the death of orchids.
Often, from a lack of experience, we can conclude that increasing irrigation is on the contrary useful: flowering is more abundant, all pseudobulbs are poured, and even a huge root system sometimes grows. At the same time, the roots grow adapted to the abundance of water in the substrate, but the slightest failure in the maintenance scheme leads to decay or damage to fungal (or bacterial) diseases. By the way, conclusions about the success of abundant irrigation systems should be made not in 2-3 months and not even in 1-2 years, but in 3-4 years, but unfortunately by this time the plant is quite likely not to be saved.
In their absolute majority, orchids are moisture-loving, but high humidity must be around the whole plant, besides, the love of moisture is not unlimited, but often dangerous. The epiphytic lifestyle also leaves its mark. It is necessary to take into account that the maintenance of a plant in a substrate increases the humidity around the roots, respectively, when spraying, excessive moisture is created in the root system, which leads to decay. In addition, spraying leads to the accumulation of water in poorly ventilated areas on the orchid (for example, between the leaf and the pseudobulb or at the stem), and this also leads to rotting.
It is necessary to remember the golden rule of the orchid breeder: we carry out all operations with water either in the morning, or we postpone the next day, because stagnation of water in the evening leads to decay or damage to fungal diseases. Maintaining a balance of moisture and health is not easy. For beginners, I often advise either not to spray at all, or to spray at the time of watering, only to wash the dust off the leaves. Let me remind you: this should not be more than 1 time per week, and if the substrate dries longer, then spray less often. Since the emergence of the peduncle, it is desirable to spray more often (no more than 1 time per day), and then the peduncle will grow underdeveloped with a small number of buds. The use of humidifiers or orhidariums has a very positive effect on the condition of orchids.
Our indoor orchids naturally grow without a substrate at all, with the exception of some types of pafiopedilums and others. The substrate is needed more so that the plant does not fall, and the humidity around the roots also increases. Chopped rhizomes of ferns, softwood bark, sphagnum moss, charcoal, coconut fiber and chips are commonly used as components. They can be mixed or excluded from the composition, in general there are no special requirements. The main thing is that the mixture should be very breathable and dry quickly, since in nature the roots dry out in literally hours. If you have little experience or you are not particularly aware of the properties of such a component as sphagnum, it is better to exclude it. Never use it as your primary substrate. Manufacturers use it in industrial cultivation, as it is an excellent absorbent material in the aeroponic method of content. As a substrate, it is easiest to use only pine bark, in slices of 2 cm or more.
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