Helminthiasis- A common problem among certain categories of the population. In children, as a rule, parasitize pinworms, people who often consume fish are diagnosed diphyllobothriasis, among hunters distributed trichinosis.
The fact that human worms provoke the development of many diseases that, it would seem, are in no way associated with helminthiasis, currently confirms a wide variety of studies. In particular, there is a theory that helminthic diseases are associated with the development of oncological processes.
In addition, you should be aware that if there are helminths in the body, this does not mean that the patient will manifest symptoms of such an infection. Signs of their presence can be masked by other ailments of the liver, gall bladder, gastrointestinal tract. As a result, a person for a long time can use different means and not detect infection. And after the patient has been selected the correct scheme for anthelmintic treatment, the disease can be cured. Therefore, asking yourself questions: “What should I do if I have helminths, how to check for parasites, and will I infect my loved ones?”, I don’t need to be afraid to contact a doctor and get all the answers, as well as what to do if you worms.
For answers to questions about what worms are, why such parasites are dangerous, and how not to get infected with different types of parasites, read the article below. Also, we will focus on what are the signs of infection with worms, both general and specific.
How can I get helminths?
Helminth eggs can enter the human body in different ways. There are four main methods of infection:
- Biohelminthiasis. Worms can be found in raw or poorly thermally processed meat, as well as in fish. You can get infected by consuming lard, kebab, dried fish, sushi, etc.
- Geohelminthiasis. Mature helminth eggs, which are found in soil and water, enter the body. In this environment, they find themselves, and since human feces, as well as animal feces, get there. Infestations also occur when a person comes into contact with animals, for example, constantly removing cat or dog feces, as well as when food is infected with eggs of flies.
- Contact. The most common worms, human pinworms, are transmitted from person to person. In this case, the risk of getting this disease is the highest.
- A number of parasites can enter the body when a person is bitten by insects.
Trying to find the answer to the question of what appear to be and how worms are transmitted, it should be taken into account that basically the path of infection with parasites is oral fecal. That is, a person simply swallows worm eggs when he eats food, drinks water. In more rare cases, the worms in humans end up after being bitten by insects that have been infected.
Animals and flies
Wikipedia suggests that worm eggs can appear in the house and from pets - cats, dogs, who walk on the street. A high risk of infection occurs if children play with such animals. Therefore, you must immediately take action if there is a suspicion that worms in cats have wound up. Symptoms and treatment of infection in animals can be obtained from the veterinarian or watch the corresponding video on the network. In this way, any kind of worms can appear in the body. Therefore, the answer to the question whether it is transmitted from a dog to a person and whether it is possible to get infected from a dog is unequivocal: yes, it is possible.
Another helminth peddler is flies.They can initially sit on feces, waste livestock, and then fly in and sit on food. As a result, they spread helminth eggs, and people become infected with helminth infections after infection.
How are worms transmitted from person to person
How can pinworms get infected, and are these parasites transmitted from person to person? The answer to this question is simple: if a female pinworm crawls out of the rectum in the baby’s butt at night from the rectum, it can lay a large number of eggs near the anus - up to 5000 pieces. As a result, severe itching occurs, the baby itches, and eggs fall on his hands. Further, from the baby's hands, eggs fall on clothes, bed, on other items that the child touches. As the worms are transmitted further, it is clear: other children, adults, become infected with eggs, after which small white pinworms multiply in the body. That is why it is very important to wash your hands before eating, after coming home from public places.
A lot of parasite eggs are found in open waters, as well as in well water. That is why people who use such water should use a special bactericidal filter. It is also very important to boil the water that the dishes prepared from it drink and eat. It is very dangerous to swallow water from water bodies.
It should be taken into account when talking about what is helminthic invasionthat this is a disease that mainly affects children, as they are very susceptible to helminthiasis. The fact is that in children protective barriers are not yet developed to the same extent as in an adult, their acidity in the stomach is lower.
Also, signs of the presence of worms in a child appear very often due to the fact that young children in the process of mastering the world taste everything that comes to hand. Therefore, parents very often notice symptoms of helminthic invasion in children, in particular, anus itchbad appetite, cough in children with infection, etc. But nevertheless, it is impossible to accustom a baby to the strict implementation of hygiene rules in the first years of his life. Therefore, at this time, the risk of infection is high for all family members.
Speaking about the fact that an egg-worm is what is and how to treat this disease, it should be remembered that worms do not multiply in the human body. Worms in the human body die over a period of time. For example, pinworms live for several weeks, roundworm - about one year. The eggs that adult parasites lay in the body necessarily leave the intestines - or when feces or baby poop comes out, or fall on the skin near the anus, as happens with pinworm worms. When the eggs are outside the human body, they ripen in the external environment, after which they fall back into the human body and again parasitize in it.
Since the reproduction of worms does not occur in the body, large numbers of helminths are observed only if re-infection occurs, if the eggs again enter the body through the mouth.
Therefore, if reinfection does not occur, the pinworms living in the body die in about 4 weeks. And if you carefully follow all preventive measures, then the presence of worms can be eliminated without treatment. However, in the case of children, compliance with all these rules is a very difficult task.
Signs of helminths
When infected with parasites, certain first symptoms of worms in a person appear. About what symptoms with worms appear if you have an infection, you can learn in detail from a specialist. But some signs of worms in humans can be seen on their own.
So, the most striking sign that parasite infection has occurred is the presence of slimming. Also, the patient's skin turns pale - this is how it manifests itself anemia. On the exterior, signs of the presence of helminthic invasion are also displayed - the person looks exhausted, his level of fatigue can increase.
Helminths cause itching in the anusif the intestines are infected. However, they can also parasitize in other organs - in the lungs, liver, bladder, and even in the arm or leg, etc.
However, all of the above symptoms of parasites in the human body are only the general first signs of infection that develop with massive damage to the body by worms and allow you to recognize that something is wrong with your health. There are other, more specific symptoms of helminthic invasion in adults. Their patient can perceive for the manifestation of other diseases. Moreover, he can treat such diseases for a long time, of course, without success. This lasts until the exact cause of such symptoms is determined - helminthiasis. You can see more about this in the corresponding videos on the network.
What are the symptoms of worms in an adult and a child can occur?
If parasites are localized in the intestine, and not in other organs, then the main signs in an adult and in a child are a violation of digestion. A person may be bothered by constant diarrheaor constipation, periodically manifesting nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, pain in the right hypochondrium, near the navel, intestinal disorders. If intestinal parasites are wound, often worries flatulence.
All of the listed symptoms can be both strongly expressed and weak, both long-term and periodic. It all depends on the massiveness of the infection. There are types of helminths that produce hormone-like substances, under the influence of which constant diarrhea develops. If large worms grow large (for example, tapeworm), they block the intestines and cause constipation.
General malaise, disorders of the nervous system
Worms live and release very large amounts of toxic substances, regardless, parasites live in blood, in the liver, in the lungs of a person. The more massive the infection, the more pronounced the signs intoxication organism, which negatively affects the nervous system.
Eventually developing headache, dizziness and nausea. Some people take such signs for development. migraine, and, as a result, they drink painkillers.
Sometimes when infected with parasites, the temperature rises, pain in the joints is disturbing. In addition, helminth infections cause a deficiency of vitamins, beneficial substances in the body. This phenomenon, as well as depression of the nervous system, lead to the manifestation chronic fatigue syndrome. The patient feels tired, worries him drowsinessfeeling of weakness in the body. If we are talking about a child, he is naughty, constantly nervous. In young children, sleep is disturbed, they cry or scream at night. School children, due to carelessness and fatigue, can study poorly.
Allergy and skin manifestations
Worms cause deterioration of the skin. Toxinswith which worms infect the body, negatively affect its general condition and can provoke the manifestation of various reactions on the skin. Rashes appear as a result of an ejection histaminefrom mast cells and the accumulation of the liquid part of the blood into tissues with raising epidermis.
The same reasons lead to development. allergic reactions. In particular, it may manifest itchingred spots, acne, hivesas well as dry cough,allergic rhinitismanifestations bronchial asthma. Also, with infection, the nails can peel off, brittle hair is noted, cracks appear on the heels.
Immunity Deterioration and Infectious Diseases
Since worms feed on the body, they secrete toxic waste products.Toxic effect, a decrease in the body of vitamins and minerals leads to the fact that immunity infected significantly worsens. As a result, the state of health in chronic diseases worsens, and inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx begin to bother - sinusitis, stomatitis. In women and girls, vulvovaginitis, bacterial vaginosis. There is evidence that with prolonged infection with pinworms, development is possible inflammation of the appendages. In this case, it is very important to timely detect their presence. Parasites in the liver also cause bad breath, a persistent bad taste.
It is also believed that worms in humans provoke the appearance of snoringand night tooth grinding. But at present, such a relationship has not been proven.
Where parasites live in the human body
The types of parasites in the human body are determined depending on where exactly in the body they live. How to determine the presence and how to remove parasites from the body depends on their type.
These worms inhabit mainly the intestines, living in its various departments. In the small intestine, hookworms, roundworms, a wide ribbon, and other tapeworms are localized. Dwarf tapeworm, pinworms live in the small intestine, whipworm lives in the large intestine. There are about a hundred species of abdominal parasites. Pictures and images can be found on the net.
Such types of worms in humans do not live in the intestines, but in organs and tissues. There are varieties that reside in the brain (cysticercosis), in the liver (echinococcosis), lungs (paragonimiasis), in the muscles, in the lymphatic vessels (filariasis), as well as other helminths.
You can find out what worms a person still has from a specialist.
Roundworm- This is a species that relates to both luminal and tissue parasites, since in the first phase of their development they can move through the blood and affect any organ. How to get rid of roundworms will tell the doctor who prescribes a treatment regimen for infection with such parasites.
You can find out how worms look in humans by looking at the image of the corresponding type of parasite. Special literature depicts how worm eggs look.
Symptoms of infection by type
How worms appear and are dangerous depends on the type of parasites, where they live in the body, and also on the intensity of infection. Signs of invasion in humans can be detected after a few days. For example, if roundworms appeared, then health deteriorates after 2-3 days. When infected with other types of helminths, the first signs are observed in the patient after 2-3 weeks. The incubation period of filariasis is from 6 to 18 months.
Intestinal worms are dangerous from the point of view that if there is a single individual in the intestine, then it is impossible to understand that a person is infected, since there are no signs. Certain symptoms can only be disturbed if the worms are long (roundworm, wide tape, etc.), or massive infection has occurred. With almost all helminthiases, headache, fatigue, dizzinessirritability.
What are worms, what are they called and look like?
- Pinworms (enterobiosis)- the presence of this type of helminths can be determined by the manifestation of the main signs, as well as by the manifestation of itching in the anus, which becomes more intense at night. If the body has only a small number of pinworms, itching can occur for several days, then go through and appear again in a few weeks. With severe invasion, itching can be felt constantly.
- Roundworm - what are the signs of ascariasis, depends on the phase of development of these parasites. In the phase when the larvae migrate to the heart, lungs, and other organs, weakness, subfebrile temperature, cough, in which sputum is secreted, sometimes with pus and blood, are noted.If an X-ray of the lungs is taken at this time, volatile infiltrates are visible on it, which later disappear. Allergic reactions develop, a blood test shows a large percentage eosinophils. If the invasion is severe, development is likely bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma attacks. People often wonder if there can be a cough if infected. Indeed it is possible. May also be felt sore throat. Signs of the second phase are associated with digestive disorders. Roundworms produce substances that neutralize pepsin and trypsin - digestive enzymes person As a result, proteins are not digested, and the patient is very thin. With ascariasis, complications sometimes occur - pancreatitis, obstructive jaundice, bowel obstruction, appendicitis.
- Hookworm, schistosomiasis, diphyllobothriasis, trichocephalosis - with such lesions, anemia, vitamin deficiency develops. After all, the toxins that secrete helminths of these varieties significantly worsen microflora intestines, provoking the development dysbiosis.
- Opisthorchiasis, fascioliasis, clonorchiasis- hepatic parasites. The consequences of invasion are icteric syndrome, enlarged liver, spleen, pancreatitis, cholecystocholangitis, neurological disorders, digestive system pathologists.
- Trichinosis- with such a lesion, the most common symptoms are muscle pain, swelling eyelids, swelling of the face, fever.
- Strongyloidosis- cause roundworms, the symptoms are very diverse. Signs of dyspepsia, allergies, dysfunction of the biliary tract, etc. may appear.
- Genitourinary schistosomiasis - cause flatworms, manifested by diuretic disorders. At the end of urination, blood is detected in the urine. In men, it can lead to pathological lesions of the prostate, pathology of the seminal vesicles. In women, it causes consequences in the form of vaginal bleeding, genital lesions. Fibrosis in the bladder may occur.
- Cestodose- cause tapeworms. This is a bovine tapeworm, a sheep’s brain, echinococcus, broad tape, etc. Signs of the disease are severe weight loss, weakness, and digestive tract dysfunction.
Worms in the eyes
Helminths in the eyes are rarely detected. Mostly in the eyes, parasites are found in residents of wet and hot countries. "Eye" parasites are pork tapeworm, roundworm, opisthorchis. Sometimes parasites enter the eyes from the external environment, sometimes from the intestines. In this case, it is important to immediately consult a doctor and find out how to treat the disease. In order not to get infected, it is important to observe facial hygiene, as well as the general rules for the prevention of the disease.
How to determine the presence of worms in humans?
If you are concerned about certain symptoms that indicate infection, the person is naturally worried about how to understand if you have helminths. Of course, to say for sure whether or not there is an infection is possible only after visiting a doctor and carrying out all the necessary tests. But there are other ways that are suitable for those who are interested in how to find out that you have worms. To do this, you need to carefully monitor the state of health and pay attention to changes in the body. After all, the presence of some pronounced symptoms gives an answer to the question of how to understand that you have worms.
How to determine a possible invasion?
A special test will help to identify parasites in the body. You need to carefully read the signs given below and calculate how many positive answers have been given.
- Constant or periodic itching in the anus.
- Skin rashes appear.
- Dizziness, frequent headaches.
- Periodically vomits, vomiting appears for no reason.
- Flatulence, diarrhea, bloating, constipation.
- Troubled sleep, cries in a dream.
- Swelling of the legs.
- A variety of allergic manifestations.
- Lymph nodes are enlarged.
- Happens feeling of bitterness in the mouth.
- The stomach hurts, the pain goes away on its own.
- An increase in body temperature for no reason.
- Constant feeling of fatigue, severe fatigue.
- Work in a children's team, preschool children in the family.
- Yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes.
- Pain in muscles and joints without exertion.
- Snoring and gritting teeth at night.
- The presence of animals in the house, work with animals.
- You are from people who like to eat dried fish, meat, sushi, lard in which there are veins of meat.
- Weight is constantly decreasing, while jumps occur appetite - decrease or increase.
- You are not accustomed to washing vegetables, herbs, fruits, never scald them with boiling water before consumption.
Next, you need to calculate how many statements are right for you. If 7 or more positive answers come out, then there is a risk that you may have a parasitic infection. With 15 or more positive responses, the likelihood of helminthiasis is very high. In this case, you need to contact a specialist - a parasitologist or an infectious disease specialist.
How to take an analysis for worms
If necessary, conduct a study, the doctor prescribes an analysis for helminth eggs in the feces. To do this, pass the feces three times. A blood test for worms in adults is also prescribed, the same analysis is performed in children. It is also necessary to donate blood to Giardia. Assign to the patient and scraping on enterobiosisto be carried out three times.
A test for eggs in feces in humans involves examining feces under a microscope. Such a study makes it possible to diagnose ascariasis, trichocephalosis, hookworm, enterobiosis, etc.
It should be taken into account, passing tests for helminth eggs, that this is such a study, for which you need to prepare in advance. Thus, 72 hours before analysis, you should:
- exclude the introduction of rectal drugs, use laxative,
- limit the use of those drugs that affect the color of feces, intestinal motility.
The disease is excluded if worm eggs are not found in the samples. If the worms in the feces are detected, a count is carried out, how many of them are in the feces.
How to get rid of worms in humans?
When infection occurs, an urgent issue is how to get rid of parasites in children and adults.
Currently, the treatment of worms in humans is carried out using modern drugs. Treatment of helminths in an adult is carried out using more than ten drugs that are active in relation to different types of worms. There are drugs with a wide spectrum of action and a narrow spectrum of action. Since a person can be infected with different types of helminths (in all, more than 70 species parasitize them in our regions), it is important to choose the right drug. Therefore, the decision on how to treat and how to treat helminthiasis should be made only by a specialist after analysis. To get a detailed consultation, you should contact a parasitologist. However, if the patient goes to a small clinic or outpatient clinic, you can find out which doctor treats this disease directly at the hospital.
It is important to consider that the medicines for worms are very toxic. Therefore, only a doctor can identify the symptoms and prescribe the treatment of helminths in a person with a diagnosis. In the process of prescribing drugs, a person’s weight and age are taken into account. Also, when infected with different helminths, different treatment regimens are necessary.
Therefore, those who are interested in how to recover from infection should definitely consult a doctor, and not practice exclusively with folk remedies.
There are many tips on how to remove worms in humans at home, but still a guaranteed method of getting rid of parasites is a medication.
The answer to the question whether helminths can come out through the mouth is positive. But with vomiting, they come out only after taking some funds.
Drugs that are used to treat helminthiases
|Piperazine||Piperazine||Worms in the abdomen are paralyzed, since under the influence of the drug, the supply of nerve impulses to the muscles is disrupted. Excreted in feces.|
|Pyrantel||Pyrantel, Helminthox, Combantrine, Nemocide||They cause neuromuscular blockade in worms, they quickly die. Come out with feces.|
|Mebendazole||Vermacar, Vermox, Vero-Mebendazole, Mebex, Vormin, Thermox||Under the influence of tablets, the processes of synthesis of cell globulin are suspended. As a result, paralysis occurs and the worms die.|
|Albendazole||Gelmodol-VM, Nemozol, Wormil||Worms are paralyzed, as well as disrupt their metabolism at the cell level. Come out with feces or vomiting, can be digested or unchanged.|
|Carbendacim||Medamine||Paralyzes the muscles of helminths. It comes out with feces.|
|Levamisole||Dekaris||Affects metabolismm in the cells of the worms. They have paralysis, after which 24 hours after taking the drug, helminths come out with feces. With vomiting do not go out.|
|Pyrrhine embonate||Pircon, Vanquin, Pirivinium||Effective in enterobiasis, they block helminth enzyme systems, thereby disrupting glucose transport and metabolism.|
How do worms come out in humans after treatment? They are excreted in feces and vomiting, remaining unchanged and in a state of paralysis.
Helmids can also come out with vomiting or feces in the form of fragments. If the patient has very active intestinal motility, there is an intensive digestion of food and, accordingly, helminths, the elimination of which then occurs in the form of particles.
Regardless of how the worms come out, it is important that particles or entire individuals are visible. However, sometimes in feces after taking medication, worms are not found. This may indicate that the body has digested inside the dead helminths.
However, if parasites cannot be removed, this may be evidence that the dose of the medicine was not selected correctly, or the drug was chosen incorrectly.
However, if the tablets were taken for prevention, then, of course, they do not fall out, since there are no helminths in the body.
Since some drugs do not act on the larvae and eggs of the worms in order to completely drive off the parasites, you need to repeat the treatment after 2-3 weeks. If the treatment was carried out correctly and infection does not occur, then getting rid of parasites occurs necessarily.
In addition to the “scientific” treatment, there are folk remedies, the use of which is relevant for those who are interested in how to get rid of parasites, in particular, to get rid of tapeworm. We are talking about the use of pumpkin seeds and tansy grass, which have long been trying to "poison" the parasites. Those who are already interested in how to get rid of parasites in the human body know that pumpkin seed is a good tool to remove parasites from the body. To rid yourself of helminths, it is better to eat raw seeds along with a thin film between the peel and the seed. There is the following recipe for those who treat helminth infections: 300 g of pumpkin seed, crushed and mixed with honey, must be eaten for an hour in the morning. After that, you can’t eat anything for 3-4 hours. Next you need to do an enema. Reviews indicate that such a medicine can be effective. There is also evidence that ginger, garlic, etc. help to drive out worms.
The fact that the fight against worms was successful is evidenced by an improvement in the general state of human health. It is very important not to hope that the infection will pass by itself, because the answer to the question “Can the worms themselves pass?” Is ambiguous. Indeed, even if a person’s white worms or other types of helminths die, the probability of someone who has been infected is to “catch” parasites again is very high. Therefore, it is necessary to deal with helminths systematically and correctly.And after taking the pills - be sure to check: a check in the form of tests is needed to carefully check the condition of the body and make sure that all helminths have been removed.
If the body is parasitized by the subcutaneous type of worms, then the tablets in this case are irrelevant. If a parasite grows under the skin, surgical treatment is practiced: the skin is dissected, and they come out. Why is it important to see a doctor on time? To avoid unwanted complications, especially in the elderly and children.
In order to prevent infection, you need to clearly understand what are the causes of invasion, what is helminthiasis, what are worms. It is important to take all preventive measures, which significantly reduces the likelihood of infection.
- It is necessary to thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables, sprinkle them with boiling water.
- It is important to fight flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes - to track where they come from, destroy them.
- Cook meat and fish for at least 40-60 minutes.
- You need to use only your own hygiene items - a towel, comb (so that lice are not transmitted), etc.
- It is important to teach the baby before you eat, and also after each contact with animals immediately go and wash your hands with soap.
- If the house has animals, large and small, you need to constantly give them funds for the prevention of worms. To find out which ones, you should contact your veterinarian.
- It is important that the smallest children play only with clean toys, you also need to immediately wash the fallen soother or pacifier.
- You should wean children from bad habits - suck their fingers, bite their nails, take different things in their mouths.
- The baby should have clean and short nails.
- In order to prevent re-infection with pinworms, the baby needs to wear tight panties at night, which prevents the spread of parasites and eggs in bed.
- It is important to iron the laundry after washing.
- In the morning you need to change panties and thoroughly wash the child.
Worms - what is it?
Helminthiasis is a group of diseases provoked by the multiplication of worm parasites in the human body. There are more than 100 species of worms capable of parasitizing in humans. The most common causative agents of helminthiases:
- pinworms (enterobiosis) - small parasites that multiply in the rectum,
- roundworms (roundworm) - round white worms reaching a length of 20 cm,
- tapeworms (dwarf, wide, bovine, pork) - reaching several meters in length, ribbon worms in a person cause symptoms of severe damage to the intestines and other organs and systems,
- cysticerci - able to migrate with blood from any organ, even the brain.
How can you get worms?
There are various ways to get parasites. In this case, the worms are carried by larvae, almost invisible to the naked eye.
The main methods of infection:
- lack of hygiene skills - dirty hands, work on the ground,
- the use of food infected with helminths - unwashed fruits and food that husbands sat on, as well as insufficiently processed meat and fish (barbecue, blood steak, smoked foods, sushi, etc.),
- the use of unboiled water contaminated with worm eggs,
- contact with animals that are natural reservoirs for worms - cats and dogs, wild animals (hunting, fishing, working on fur farms),
- contact with a patient with helminthiasis - a handshake through bedding, door handles, etc.
In what organs can worms live?
Getting into the human body at the larval stage, most worms begin to grow and multiply in the small and large intestines. At the same time, large invasions can cause a violation of the outflow of bile and pathology of the pancreas due to impaired synthesis of enzymes.
Symptoms of worms in humans are perceived as a certain gastrointestinal disease (colitis, dysbiosis, biliary dyskinesia), however, the treatment given gives only a slight temporary improvement in the patient's condition. Some of the types of worms enter the bloodstream, causing lung damage (cough with ascariasis, paragonimiasis).
Other helminth larvae migrate with blood and settle in other organs - the liver (echinococcosis, opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis), lymph nodes (filarosis), the urogenital system (schistosomiasis) and the brain (cysticercosis) and muscle tissue (trichinosis).
Symptoms of worms in humans, the first signs
The first signs of worms in humans are always absent, symptoms of parasitic invasion appear only with a large number of worms (pinworms, roundworms) or when a large tapeworm is reached, for example. The clinical presentation of helminthiasis often mimics gastrointestinal pathology.
The first signs of worms photos in children
However, signs indicating a violation of the functions of other organs are added to the characteristic gastrointestinal tract lesions.
Symptoms indicating the presence of helminths in the body:
- lack of appetite or, conversely, gluttony, bitterness in the mouth and excessive salivation,
- an acute desire to eat sweets (worms eat carbohydrates),
- nausea, vomiting - sometimes worms crawling into the stomach, or their parts (segments) are found in the vomit,
- itching of the anus and gnashing of teeth in a dream - often indicate enterobiosis,
- unstable stool - always provoking intestinal dysbiosis, helminthiasis occurs with a frequent change in diarrhea and constipation, with significant invasion, worms can come out with feces,
- flatulence - bloating and rumbling in the stomach due to toxins produced by worms,
- periodic abdominal pains - diffuse, often localized in the navel, pains are sometimes spastic,
- skin manifestations - sudden allergic rashes and purulent formations (acne, boils), due to a decrease in local immunity and the removal of toxins through the skin, often proceed in a severe form, while weak nails and excessive hair loss are observed,
- irritable bowel syndrome - a violation of the absorption of nutrients leads to the development of anemia and weight loss, especially with numerous helminthic colonies,
- cough - a dry symptom that occurs at the pulmonary stage of helminthiasis (Ascaris larvae enter the lungs with blood), severe invasion can provoke pneumonia,
- obesity - oddly enough, it can also be triggered by intestinal parasites, which, eating carbohydrates, cause a sharp drop in glucose in the blood and force you to consume more food, and the body stores fats,
- symptoms of the nervous system - increased irritability, poor sleep or drowsiness, constant depression, decreased alertness and memory problems are especially pronounced in children with helminthiasis of children,
- chronic fatigue syndrome - parasites often provoke constant weakness, prolonged temperature rises to 37-37.5С, flu-like state and muscle pain,
- pathology of the upper respiratory tract - sluggish current runny nose, not treatable cough, up to pneumonia and asthmatic conditions are often caused by the presence of helminths,
- decreased immunity - accompanying helminthiasis, intestinal dysbiosis and chronic intoxication lead to frequent colds and pathologies-indicators of immunodeficiency (herpes, warts, etc.), including oncopathology.
Of particular note is the effect of helminthiasis on the nervous system. Any type of parasite in the course of its life produces products that are perceived by the body as foreign substances. Their toxic effect primarily affects the nervous system, provoking irritability, depression and other disturbances in emotional stability.
Helminthiasis is also manifested by skin rashes. At the same time, the nature of the skin rash is diverse: from frequent allergic reactions and acne, to total furunculosis, fungal infection and neurodermatitis.
However, the main danger of helminthiases is a significant increase in the risk of oncology. Modern medicine has established a clear relationship between helminthic invasions and the development of cancer. The main role is played by chronic damage to the intestinal mucosa and a general decrease in immune defense.
Diagnostics - how to find out if a person has worms?
With a high probability, helminthiasis can be suspected when passing the test:
- itching of the anus
- profuse salivation and craving for sweets,
- nausea / vomiting and bitterness in the mouth,
- frequent skin rashes,
- anemia, not amenable to stable correction with iron-containing drugs,
- brittle nails, peeling of the eyelids, dull and poorly growing hair,
- persistent insomnia or drowsiness,
- frequent colds
- swollen lymph nodes
- muscle discomfort.
If a person has 3 or more of the above symptoms, it is very likely that worms parasitize in his body. However, the diagnosis and, in fact, the type of helminth is established in the laboratory. To do this, the following studies are carried out:
- Feces on worm eggs - it does not always detect helminthiasis on the first attempt, usually 3 studies are carried out,
- Blood test - the main sign of the presence of parasites is an increase in eosinophils,
- An enzyme immunoassay is the most reliable study that determines the specific substances inherent in certain types of parasites.
Treatment - how can a person get rid of worms?
For the treatment of worms in humans, most often doctors prescribe pills. Antiparasitic drugs have different specific activity: some of them destroy several types of parasites at once, others adversely affect their certain types.
Therefore, self-administration of these medications is not recommended. Only a doctor, relying on laboratory confirmation of the type of helminthiasis, can prescribe an effective medicine, its age-related dosage and duration of administration.
With often diagnosed enterobiosis (pinworms) and ascariasis, one of the following drugs is most often prescribed:
- Pirantel (Helminthox) - a popular children's remedy,
- Piperazine is the cheapest drug, paralyzed worms come out with feces,
- Mebendazole (Vermox, Vormin) - is especially effective for enterobiasis, trichocephaliasis,
- Levamisole (Dekaris) - has a wide antiparasitic spectrum, but it affects the immune system,
- Albendazole (Nemozole) - also destroys tapeworms and cysticerci.
Important! Some worm preparations do not affect larvae. Therefore, to prevent self-infection, the course of the drug is repeated after a certain period. The patient must comply with hygiene rules to prevent the ingestion of eggs from the anal area into the mouth.
Helminths who died from taking the drug provoke severe intoxication, therefore, after taking the antiparasitic agent, the use of activated charcoal or another enterosorbent is recommended after some time. To remove worms, sometimes one course of taking an antiparasitic agent is enough.
- However, recovery is confirmed only after a threefold pure analysis for eggs of the worm.
Often people, especially when detecting helminthiasis in children, resort to folk remedies. Treatment of worms at home is carried out using pumpkin seeds and a subsequent cleansing enema, swallowing a clove of garlic. Often people resort to the use of tansy infusion: it should be used carefully, the medicinal herb is toxic and can provoke uterine contractions.
However, the effectiveness of treatment with such methods is very doubtful, as a rule, their use should be lengthy. Home recipes are not a complete alternative to the drug therapy prescribed by your doctor!
Infection with worms easily occurs with a large number of circumstances and at any age. The most common ways to get infected are: eating raw or poorly cooked meat, contact with the soil, hair and feces of animals, drinking water from a dubious source, lack of habit of washing hands (especially after visiting public toilets).
Helminths penetrate our body and with insect bites, not thoroughly washing vegetables and fruits. Flies are the leading insects for the transfer of eggs of lower worms. Buying products in small shops, pavilions, you are almost certainly at risk of acquiring goods on which the fly sat.
Before that, she visited the feces and the presence of worms is obvious. The presence of a person does not deter these annoying insects and they are constantly nearby. No adhesive tapes and aerosols can rid them.
A parasitic worm is also able to penetrate into the human body from another individual. He will become a carrier unconsciously. The method of pinworm distribution is very simple and dangerous with its directness. It is well studied and once again proves the importance of hygiene.
Pinworm leaves the intestines and lays its eggs directly on the linen. This is accompanied by severe itching and scratching the irritated place, the victim easily transfers eggs to household items, joint hygiene products, clothes. Other family members can easily become infected and acquire helminths in this way. It is better to iron linen with a hot iron and use personal towels.
Open reservoirs are dangerous content of the notorious eggs. They easily get there and persist for a long time. The danger is not only drinking water from them, swimming, but even walking barefoot. This is especially true of tropical reservoirs that are not developed by tourists. That memorable vacation in foreign reservoirs may be enough for you for a strong invasion.
Symptoms arising from infection with worms
In humans, parasitic worms can exist and feed on almost all organs. They are found even in the blood. The disease is insidious in that it may not appear at all for a long time or is similar to many, most often, gastrointestinal problems.
In humans, up to 170 species of flukes can inhabit and parasitize. Of these, the greatest threat is echinococcus and alveococcus. The most common is the division of worms into 2 species: round and flat. In humans, worms can live and eat for years, gradually destroying their health from the inside.
Children quickly pick them up and recover completely is problematic, because babies constantly strive to contact with animals, climb into the sand and pull their hands in their mouths. It is difficult for small family members, especially up to 4 years old, to explain the importance of hygiene procedures and to ensure that they do not rub their eyes and mouth with dirty hands. Re-getting infected is a difficult task for them.
For parents, attempts to isolate the child from helminths become a real headache and cause constant irritation. The child will not be taken to kindergarten, school.
What are the possible signs of the presence of worms in humans?
Symptoms of worms in the human body will differ markedly depending on the type of pest, the stage of development at which it is located and its location. Also, the same symptoms of the presence of worms can vary in different people. This will be influenced by complexion, lifestyle, human health.
Their manifestation may be of varying degrees of malaise.
What are the main signs of the presence of worms to highlight?
Symptoms of a person’s infection with worms may not appear for a long time and cause chronic ailments or even death.
Worms interfere with treatment, provoke the development of complications. In women, they cause problems with reproductive function, and in men, in addition to childbearing, they interfere with normal potency and urinary function.
Worms while in the intestine make themselves felt by the appearance of unpleasant abdominal pain, frequent diarrhea, weakness. Then vomiting, nausea and a constant feeling of heaviness after eating appear. Rashes on the skin and dysbiosis are possible.
What do worms do with us?
Signs of infection include, as a rule: abdominal pain (mainly at night), problems with stool, discomfort in the stomach after eating, severe unreasonable weakness and fatigue, shortness of breath, poor restless sleep, itching in the back aisle (amplified at night).
So, typical signs of the presence of worms in the body:
- skin lesions
- lethargy, migraine,
- feeling of heaviness after eating,
- abdominal cramps, nausea,
- bad breath
- weight fluctuations (sudden weight loss or weight gain),
- discomfort in the anus
- diarrhea, constipation,
- recurring colds and viral diseases, as a result of a decrease in immunity,
- anemia (parasites suck out blood in the intestines),
- painful urination
- frequent miscarriages and malfunctions of the menstrual cycle in women,
- in children, growth retardation,
- problems with memory and academic performance.
When worms settle in the lungs, (most often long), then the signs of the appearance of worms will be as follows: fever, shortness of breath, sputum with blood content. There will be obvious hoarse sounds on listening to the lungs in the presence of worms in the lungs. Any infection transmitted by airborne droplets easily clings to such a patient.
Worms have fairly strong symptoms and treatment should begin immediately after diagnosis.
Worms in a healthy person usually cause obvious symptoms of malaise and can be diagnosed by a specialist in a short period. The name of the parasite is worth remembering and purchasing medications specifically to combat it. Worm products, with possible worms from them, should be avoided categorically.
It is not easy to recover from the misfortune that has befallen, and it takes several stages. Initially, they take activated charcoal so that it binds and removes toxic substances from the body from the vital activity of flukes, which accumulate in large quantities. Then, the actual administration of anthelmintic drugs is carried out.
The doctor will tell you which drug to choose after conducting a comprehensive examination of the patient and examining all the test results. Completion of the event is necessary after drinking a course of restoring drugs for at least two months.
It will take funds to strengthen the immune system (containing Echinacea), to restore the liver (Karsil) and intestinal microflora (drugs containing beneficial bacteria).
Attention! Treatment should be prescribed only by a doctor, since an improperly selected remedy can not only not have an effect, but also cause harm. Self-medication is especially unacceptable in relation to children.
General recommendations to avoid infection
There are a number of simple but effective principles that should be followed so as not to be exposed to hazardous effects. Cut nails shortly (especially for children), iron your underwear with a hot iron after washing, often clean with chlorinated detergents. Keep shoes in a closed shoe rack, make sure that households do not pass without sweeping into rooms.
Wash your hands after each visit to the toilet and coming from the street. Use only individual towels, a toothbrush, soap, dishes and cutlery.
Ideally, the comb should also be regularly washed and each should have his own. While away from home, watch your hands and do not rub your eyes, face, ears. Use wet antibacterial wipes after shopping and public transportation.
Do not buy fast food in small retail outlets and do not eat on the go without the ability to wash your hands with soap. Do not put food on tables or trays while in cafes and restaurants. If the appliances are put on your table without a napkin, ask others.
Helminths in humans appear sooner or later. Be on the alert and ask for help on time.
The main types of worms (photo)
In nature, there are about 250 types of helminths. For each of them, certain conditions are necessary for their existence and development. Worms differ in size, shape and other characteristic features. The classification of these parasites has not yet been fully formed and approved by scientists. The division of worms on a territorial basis also has a place to be. This fact complicates the classification of parasites.
In middle latitudes with moderate climatic conditions, more than 20 types of helminths can be counted, which are conditionally divided into three groups depending on their appearance and shape:
- Round (nematodes),
- Tape (cestodes),
- Flat (trematodes).
Each of these groups has up to hundreds of varieties of parasitic worms. Nematodes and trematodes are more common in nature than tape parasites. The human body is an ideal environment for the reproduction and growth of pinworms and roundworms. Trichinella is also common. To cestodes belong bovine, pork, rat chained, echinococcus, wide ribbon.
Signs and symptoms of worms in humans
Worms that are parasitic in the human body, in the literal sense, "suck" all the forces out of it. The first signs indicating the presence of worms in the body are expressed through chronic fatigue, a sharp decrease in weight, an improvement or loss of appetite. Itching in the anus also indicates a possible infection with helminths.
Indirect symptoms characteristic of gastrointestinal diseases, neurosis, dermatological diseases and allergies can also be signs of parasitic infection of the body. It could be:
- Pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, constipation, diarrhea,
- Constant fatigue, weakness, headaches, fever, drowsiness, apathy, insomnia,
- Violation of the structure of hair and nails, allergic rhinitis, urticaria, itchy rashes, dry spasmodic cough, bronchospasm,
- Against the background of weak immunity, damage to the body by various infectious diseases and inflammatory processes (chronic diseases are exacerbated, the body's defenses are reduced, and it becomes an excellent target for the propagation of pathogenic microflora and infection).
Due to the fact that the symptoms indicating the presence of worms are similar to the symptoms of other diseases, it is rarely possible to immediately determine the true cause of the ailment and prescribe the correct treatment. This is fraught with deterioration of the human condition and possible complications in which parasites multiply, destroying the "favorite" organ and spreading throughout the body. One of the most serious complications may be internal hemorrhage, liver failure, bowel obstruction, and others.
Diagnosis of worms in the human body
Two methods were previously used to detect worms in the body: duodenal sounding and analysis of feces, urine, saliva, depending on their species, for the detection of helminth eggs. These diagnostic methods were not perfect, since the human factor played a large role in research. The results directly depended on the professionalism and qualifications of the laboratory assistant who did this analysis. An inexperienced specialist could not discern the signs of parasites in the test material.
Science has stepped forward, and now there are more informative and accurate methods for diagnosing helminthic infestations - immunological studies of biomaterial, which make it possible to establish with high accuracy the content of antibodies and antigens in the blood to different types of helminths. These include:
- ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for worms). The veracity of the results of this method exceeds 90%. This study shows whether there are parasites and worm eggs in the body, the cycle of their development and the type to which they relate.
- ELISA tests are specially designed tests that show the body's response to infection with parasites. This method is not independent.It must be used with ELISA (laboratory microscopic examination).
- Serological methods (RIF, RNGA, RSK, RAL). These methods are more often used to diagnose acute stage helminthiases.
- Ultrasound, X-ray of internal organs.
- CT (computed tomography), endobiopsy, endoscopy.
- PCR - detection of invasions of the body by intracellular parasites and protozoa.
- Bioresonance diagnostics is a study that allows you to calculate them in the body at an early stage using certain characteristic parasites.
Modern diagnostic methods with high reliability of the results can recognize not only the fact of infection of the body with worms, but also determine their variety, age and stage of development, which greatly facilitates the task of doctors and accelerates the healing process of a person.
Worm tablets for humans
Anthelmintic tablets can be both for the destruction of many types of helminths, common in certain latitudes, and narrowly targeted (for certain types of parasites). The most common preparations for worms are widely used on the basis of four main active ingredients:
- On the basis of Pyrantel - Nemocide, Helminthox and Pyrantel (used in the treatment of ascariasis, trichocephalosis, as well as necatorosis and hookworm),
- Based on Levamisole - Dekaris (the drug is effective in defeating the body with roundworms, pinworms, toxoplasmosis, hookworm, whipworm, intestinal acne and other types of parasites, in addition to the main effect, the drug has immunomodulating properties),
- Based on the active substance Albendazole - Vormil, Albendazole, Nemozol, Sanaxal and others (widely used to treat nematodosis, echinococcosis, toxocariasis and strongyloidosis),
- Based on Mebendazole - Vormin, Vermox, Mebendazole, Mebex, Thermox. The drugs are effective in the treatment of nematodes, prescribed for infection with pinworms and roundworms.
Each worm remedy has side effects such as dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness, drowsiness, and other signs of chemical poisoning. In the event of the appearance of certain symptoms, enterosorbent should be taken.
Drops from worms
Drops, like anthelmintic drugs in the form of tablets, are also effective and convenient to use. Drop worm medicines allow you to correctly calculate the dosage, which often cannot be done with tablets, since most of them are covered with a special protective coating that cannot be broken. In the form of drops for the treatment of helminthic infestations, the following drugs are let in:
- Nemozole is a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug, effective against all common types of parasites,
- Pyrantel - prescribe this tool to remove different groups of helminths, its only drawback is the lack of effectiveness against larvae and eggs of worms,
- Anthelmintic forte is a phytopreparation that increases the body's defenses, and also has antibacterial, antimicrobial and anthelmintic properties. This remedy has no side effects.
All drugs for the treatment of helminthiases, regardless of the form of release, are strong toxic substances that can not only help get rid of parasites, but also cause acute intoxication of the body. It is important not to self-medicate, only a specialist should select a drug and dosage.
Folk remedies for worms
Not only medications can help remove worms from the body. Nature thought over everything in advance and enabled a person to get rid of parasites with the help of plants and their fruits. In folk medicine, there are many recipes for the treatment of helminthic invasion. Among those, the most common can be distinguished:
- From wormwood - used in the form of powdered dry matter or cooked broth.Dry leaves give a strong bitterness, they are best taken with honey. To prepare the broth, you need 2 tablespoons of raw materials to fill in 0.5 liters of boiling water and boil over low heat for 15 minutes. The infusion is prepared in the same way as the decoction, only it is not necessary to brew. Alcohol tincture is prepared as follows: take half a liter of vodka 100 grams of dried leaves of wormwood, pour and put for a week in a dark, cool place.
- From tansy - seeds and inflorescences of this plant are used for treatment and prevention. A tablespoon of tansy seeds pour a glass of boiling water. Insist until it cools down. Infusion of inflorescences is prepared as follows: half a glass of dried flowers will require half a liter of boiling water. Insist until the potion has cooled to room temperature, and strain through gauze or bandage.
- Based on ginger - tea from raw ginger root with honey is one of the most delicious and effective folk methods for treating helminth infections. This drink is prepared simply: a tablespoon or 30 - 50 grams of freshly chopped ginger root, pour boiling water and allow to cool to a temperature of 6 degrees. Honey can be diluted in a warm drink or simply absorbed in the mouth with tea.
- Infusion of dry ground cloves with coriander - for one glass of boiling water 50-60 grams of dry powder. Insist this remedy for about an hour in a warm place. You can wrap the potion potion in a warm towel.
- Garlic - used in any form: boiled, fried, raw, baked. It is better to add raw chopped garlic to salads and other dishes, since fresh it contains more useful substances that parasites “dislike” so much.
Unlike traditional medicines, traditional medicine recipes have practically no contraindications for use and side effects, except for individual intolerance and allergies to one or another component.
In addition to decoctions, tinctures and other folk remedies, cleansing enemas are also used for self-medication. It is believed that the effectiveness of these procedures, due to local action, is much higher than that of oral preparations, and also with this treatment there are practically no side effects. For an enema, it is used:
- Garlic tincture - crushed garlic into a pulp is poured with warm, not hot, boiled water and insisted for about half an hour. Take one cup of warm water for one medium head of garlic. Can be cooked in larger volumes subject to proportions.
- Tansy infusion - pour a spoonful of dry inflorescences with 0.5 liters of boiling water, wrap in a warm towel or put in a warm place and insist for 40-50 minutes. Use an infusion for an enema at a temperature of 36 - 37 degrees Celsius.
- Infusion of dry wormwood - to prepare, you need 50 grams of dry powdered leaves to pour boiling water and allow to cool. This tool is much stronger, so you should not abuse it.
Any decoction or tincture for an enema is used only in strained form, so that no small and foreign objects get into or injure the intestines. The effectiveness of such treatment has not been scientifically proven. Enema with garlic can not only cure helminthic invasion, but also harm health in the form of mucous burns.
Video: worm test
You do not need to be a professional in this area or be examined every month to find out if there are worms in the body or not. In order to exclude such a probability, you can pass the test, which consists of several simple questions. The answer must be clearly yes or no. It is important to be extremely honest so that the test results are not false.
If there is even the slightest probability of infection with worms or the test showed a negative result, you should not relax. It is better to take tests twice a year and carry out drug prophylaxis than to be treated later. No need to be shy about this disease.No one is safe from him. And unnecessary prejudice can lead to serious complications. Only prevention and timely treatment will protect a person from infection with parasites.
Worms: the first signs and symptoms
Worms are the name for a large group of lower worms that parasitize the human body. They provoke a disease called helminthiasis. There are three classes of worms: tapeworms, roundworms, and flukes. Science knows 300 types of helminths that can exist in the human body, however, no more than 70 helminths are found in the Russian Federation. The spread of helminthic invasions depends on the climatic conditions in a particular country, on the level of its economic development. Therefore, helminthiases are more common in tropical and subtropical countries, as well as in developing countries.
The importance of helminthic infestations for human health is greatly underestimated by modern scientists, although many of the foremost doctors and researchers around the world have long sounded the alarm about this. In Russia alone, about 500,000 new infections are registered each year. Most of these patients are children. They account for up to 80% of all helminthiases. Moreover, 500,000 is a very average figure, as there is evidence of an annual infestation of 15 million people. It has been established that people living outside the city are more likely to become infected, as the soil is seeded and the possibility of contact with worm eggs is much higher there.
Worms can be transmitted to humans in three ways:
From animals to humans (biohelminthoses),
From person to person (contagious helminthiases),
Geohelminthiasis (the development of worms occurs in the soil).
Symptoms of worms depend on how massive the invasion is, how the worm penetrated the body, how well it adapted in the human body, etc.
Of particular danger to human health are worm larvae and those forms of worms that are in the process of growth and development. If a sexually mature adult worm occupies a certain place in the patient's body, then the larvae are most often in the migration stage. They can damage various organs, settle in them, injure their shells, disrupt their functioning. Most worms are intestinal worms. Depending on their type, the specific location of the worm will vary. For example, pinworms prefer the lower part of the small intestine and the upper parts of the large intestine, roundworms parasitize in the upper part of the small intestine, the whipworm stops at the beginning of the large intestine.
Depending on where exactly the worm parasitizes, experts distinguish between tissue and luminal helminthiases. In the first case, the worms stop in the thickness of the tissues, and in the second case, they live in the lumen of the organ. And it does not have to be the intestines.
What are worms?
There are several types, classes and groups of worms.
The criterion for classification is the features of the life cycle of worms and the source of the distribution of helminths:
Geohelminthes. The larvae of these worms undergo maturation in the soil.
Biohelminths. The larvae of these worms undergo maturation in the body of an animal or insect. They are the sources of invasion.
Contact helminths. The sole owner of worms is man. You can get infected only from him.
The criterion for classification is the biomorphological features of the worms:
Nematodes or class of roundworms. Worms are always heterosexual, their body sizes vary. The most common worms of this class are pinworms and roundworms.
Flukes or trematode class. These worms always need an animal in whose body they develop. All worms in this class are hermaphrodites.Worms are armed with suction cups and hooks, which act as a device for fixing to internal organs. In addition, suction cups are able to perform another function, for example, to be used as a mouth opening. Representatives of trematodes are schistosomes and opisthorchids.
Cestodes or class of flatworms. The nutrition of such worms is carried out using a cover lining their long body. These parasites do not have an intestinal tube. The most common worms of this class are pork and bovine tapeworm, as well as echinococcus.
If all representatives of the trematode class and the cestode class are parasites, then the nematode class is not always parasitic worms. This class includes more than 20,000 worms, most of which living organisms (animals and humans) are not needed to carry out their own life activities.
Protozoan microorganisms also belong to human parasites. They, contrary to popular belief, are not worms. Representatives of this class are Toxoplasma, Giardia and Amoeba.
The most common human worms:
What do worms look like and where do they parasitize? How many live?
The maximum pin size is 10 mm. The color is milky white.
Worms of this species parasitize in the human intestines. The female lays her eggs on the perianal folds. The source of the spread of helminthic invasion is a person. The life expectancy of adult pinworms is 2 months. Their eggs are highly contagious, and for one clutch the female can leave several thousand eggs.
Roundworms in length can reach 40 cm (females) or 25 cm (males). The maximum width of the worms is 6 mm. The color of the parasites is pinkish-yellow, spindle-shaped.
Ascaris larvae undergo maturation in the soil. From the soil, they enter the human intestines through the digestive tract, after which, with the flow of blood, the larvae are carried throughout the body. Classical migration is as follows: liver, lungs, bronchi, trachea, throat, oral cavity, intestines.
After repeated entry into the intestine, the worm turns into an adult and begins to lay eggs, which, together with feces, enter the external environment. Sometimes the larvae of these worms can settle on the internal organs, disrupting their work. They are able to penetrate the skin, into the brain, into the organs of vision, into the heart. The life expectancy of roundworm in the human body is 2 years.
The length of the worm is 50 mm, and the width is not more than 0.5 mm. The end of his body is pointed. It is with its help that the parasite is attached to the human organs.
Parasite eggs mature in the ground. After entering the intestines, their membrane dissolves and larvae emerge from them. Whipworms are frequent "inhabitants" of the cecum and appendix. In the human intestine, the parasite can last about 4 years.
This worm belongs to the group of roundworms. It has a structure similar to ascaris, but it is able to reach 10 cm in length. The toxocara has a yellowish color
A person is infected with toxocariasis from animals, mainly from dogs and cats. In just 24 hours, an adult female toxocara is able to secrete about 250,000 eggs. They come out with the feces of an infected animal and enter the human intestines. There, the egg shell dissolves and a larva hatches from it. It migrates through the human circulatory system in his body. The larva passes through the liver, spleen, lungs, heart. It can settle in the skin and in the eyes.
Toxocara is not able to become sexually mature in the human body, since there are no conditions suitable for worms in it. Therefore, the parasite is encapsulated. In this state, the worm can exist in the human body for about 10 years.
This is a small round worm. Its length does not exceed 5 mm.
The worm belongs to the class of biohelminths, which parasitizes mainly in the body of livestock and wild animals. A person becomes infected while eating poorly processed meat.
In the human intestine, the female worm gives birth to larvae that migrate through the circulatory system. Most often, they settle in skeletal muscle. The lifespan of a worm is no more than 5 years.
Bull tapeworm or tapeworm (teniarinhoz)
Worm in length can reach 30 meters. His body is represented by a small head and segments, of which there are several thousand.
Tapeworm is a biohelminth, since an animal is needed for the development of its larvae. A person becomes infected by eating infected beef.
In the human small intestine, the worm begins to grow, which boils down to the constant formation of new segments with eggs. The life span of a bovine tapeworm in a human body can be up to 10 years.
Pork tapeworm or tapeworm
The morphophysiological characteristics of the worm are similar to the morphophysiology of a bovine tapeworm. But pork tapeworm is somewhat smaller. Its maximum length is 5 meters.
You can become infected with pork tapeworm while eating infected pig meat and from a sick person. The danger is not only the parasite larvae that provoke a disease called teniosis, but also its eggs, which cause cysticercosis.
Tapeworm larvae settle in the small intestine, where they begin to grow. Tapeworm eggs migrate throughout the human body and can settle in any organ. Eggs enter the external environment along with feces. They are contained in the worm segments. The life of a tapeworm can be up to 30 years.
A flat worm that can exceed 10 meters in length.
Lentica larvae undergo their development in the body of fish living in freshwater bodies of water. A person becomes infected by eating such a fish. The worm parasitizes in the small intestine of a person, releasing segments containing eggs into the external environment. The duration of his life can be several tens of years.
The worm is small in size; hooks and suction cups are located on its head. The body consists of several segments. The worm larvae form cysts (bubbles containing both larvae and eggs). The diameter of the cysts can reach 10 cm.
Larvae enter the human body from infected dogs and livestock. In the intestines, they begin to grow, laying eggs in the same place. Larvae enter the bloodstream and are carried throughout the body. Settling in various organs, they form cysts that contain larvae and eggs. They are able to maintain their viability for many years.
Siberian or cat fluke (opisthorchiasis)
A small worm that does not exceed 10 mm in length. Fastens to internal organs with the help of the oral sucker.
A person becomes infected by eating meat from infected fish. Worms settle in the lumens of the biliary tract, in the ducts of the pancreas, in the intestines.
The worm is able to multiply very quickly. It exists in the human body for about 20 years, and at the same time in the body can parasitize up to several thousand individuals.
These are protozoan microorganisms that are very small in size. One individual in length does not exceed 12 microns. Some varieties of giardia have flagella for movement, while others do not have these flagella and are not able to move.
The source of invasion is a sick person. Giardia populate the small intestine, multiply by division. Cysts enter the external environment, and new lamblia remain in the human body. Giardia longevity is about six months. When ingested in the large intestine, lamblia quickly die.
The most common worms in the world are pinworms, roundworms and whipworms. In some countries, other types of worms are very common, which depends on their location relative to the equator, sanitary and hygienic education of the population, on the predominance of one or another species of animals that are carriers of worms.
Causes of the appearance of worms in the human body
How does worm infection occur:
Human transmission mechanism
Poor processing of food before eating them. Worm eggs fall on vegetables, fruits and other products with flies, cockroaches and other insects. They carry them on their paws.
Pinworms, whipworm, roundworm, pork tapeworm (cysticerci), giardia, toxocara, echinococcus.
Use unboiled water for drinking, or its accidental ingestion while swimming in open reservoirs with fresh water.
Pinworms, whipworm, roundworm, pork tapeworm (cysticerci), giardia, toxocara, echinococcus.
Infection occurs when eating meat from domestic or wild animals that has not undergone sufficient heat treatment. An invasion is possible when using the same devices for cutting meat, and subsequently other food products. Provided that the devices were poorly processed. This is especially true for knives and boards.
Chains (pork and bovine), roundworm, echinococcus, trichinella.
The use of crayfish, fish, shellfish. Insufficient processing of devices for their cutting.
Cat fluke, wide ribbon and other worms related to flukes.
Infection occurs due to inadequate hand hygiene, in contact with animals and contaminated household items.
Roundworms, pinworms, echinococcus, whipworm, giardia, pork tapeworm (cysticercosis), toxocara.
Invasion through insect bites
The source of infestation is the dog
Contact with animal feces, saliva or hair.
Ribbon wide, echinococcus, pork tapeworm, cucumber tapeworm, uncinariosis.
The source of invasion is a cat
Cat fluke, roundworms, toxocaras, broad ribbon, cucumber tapeworm, echinococcus.
The source of invasion is human
Violations of the rules of personal hygiene, the use of seeded household items.
Pinworms, hookworms, lamblia, dwarf and pork tapeworm.
The source of invasion is chicken and chicken eggs.
Insufficient heat treatment of eggs, violation of the rules for keeping poultry.
Roundworms and heterokisis.
What are the very first signs of worms?
The first signs of worms can be considered:
Over a long period of time, a person maintains an increase in body temperature to a mark of 38 ° C. However, it is not possible to find other visible reasons for persistent subfebrile condition.
Abdominal syndrome, which is primarily manifested by pain in the navel, in the right hypochondrium.
Sometimes a person may experience vomiting, often nausea.
The stool becomes unstable, constipation gives way to diarrhea.
The appetite is broken. Most often, it first amplifies, and then disappears.
A person begins to lose weight.
The skin becomes pale, bruises appear under the eyes.
The patient is concerned about skin itching, a rash appears on the body. Allergic reactions proceed as urticaria, or as atopic dermatitis.
The patient gets tired faster, begins to feel weak even in the morning hours, and his performance deteriorates.
Emotional lability is characteristic.
Often a person begins to pursue a dry cough, shortness of breath, noisy breathing appears.
Disturbed night rest.
Bruxism is an indirect sign of parasitic infestation.
Symptoms of prolonged presence of worms in humans
Symptoms of prolonged helminthic invasions in humans (chronic helminthiases):
Deterioration of the immune system, as a result of which a person becomes more susceptible to bacterial and viral infections.
Pronounced signs of vitamin deficiency, including: increased fragility of the nail plates, alopecia, pallor and dry skin, destruction of tooth enamel, bleeding gums.
An unpleasant odor constantly emanates from the patient’s mouth, which cannot be eliminated.
The weight of the patient continues to fall.
The risk of developing nervous disorders increases, including: apathy, depression, etc.
In addition, the symptoms of worms in humans largely depend on which organ was affected.If the liver is affected, then it will be increased in size. Often, such patients develop jaundice. If the worms migrated to the lungs, then the patient complains of shortness of breath and coughing, the appearance of blood impurities in the sputum is possible.
However, there are specific signs characteristic of a particular helminthic invasion. So, when colonizing the intestines with pinworms, the patient will experience severe anal itching. Sometimes small worms he independently discovers in feces. Frequent satellites of enterobiasis are vaginitis and vulvovaginitis.
If a large number of worms exist in the intestine at the same time, then there is a threat of the development of such a complication as intestinal obstruction. This is due to the fact that the worms stray into a ball. At the same time, a person begins to suffer from severe pain in the abdomen, intestinal motility stops, and body temperature rises. In this case, only surgery can help.
The intestine is not the only organ in which obstruction develops. The pancreas, brain, liver ducts, heart, and other internal systems of a person can suffer. As a result, the organs cease to function normally, which requires emergency medical attention.
It is known that larvae of echinococcosis form cysts. A gap in such a formation is very dangerous for human health, since this process is always accompanied by the release of a huge amount of toxins. In this case, the larvae themselves enter the bloodstream. It is possible that toxic shock will develop and a person will die.
Biochemical indicators indicating the presence of worms in the body
During the examination, a specialist can detect the following symptoms of worms in a patient:
Lymph nodes are enlarged. Moreover, a similar reaction is observed immediately in several groups of lymph nodes.
Hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and enlarged pancreas.
Symptoms of pneumonia with auscultation of the lungs.
Changes in the general analysis of blood:
Anemia (hemoglobin below 100 g / l /), a decrease in the level of red blood cells (below 3 g / l).
ESR growth in excess of 15 mm / h.
Eosinophilia with an increase in the number of eosinophils by 6% or more.
Leukocyte jump, the level of leukocytes exceeds 9 g / l.
Change in biochemical blood test:
The level of immunoglobulin E is high.
Total protein is low.
Symptoms of worms depending on their type
Type and symptoms of worms
Pinworms parasitize in the human small intestine. This helminthic infestation is the most common in the world. The disease they cause is called enterobiosis.
Symptoms of pinworms in humans are as follows:
Strong anal itching, which is gaining intensity at night. Itching is periodic, but with massive invasion may be present on an ongoing basis.
The perianal region of the patient is often irritated, traces of scratching are visible on it.
Itching contributes to poor sleep, is the cause of enuresis in children.
Abdominal syndrome with pinworms reduces to the appearance of cramping pains in the iliac region. Sometimes the pain can be very intense.
Appetite worsens, weight loss is observed.
A person often suffers from bloating, from digestive disorders. Nausea and vomiting may occur.
Allergic manifestations of enterobiosis are the occurrence of atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma.
Patients are irritable, prone to mood swings, their cognitive abilities worsen, and fatigue occurs faster.
Children are more susceptible to enterobiosis, although the disease is often diagnosed in adults.
Roundworms parasitize in the human intestines, causing a disease called ascariasis. This helminthic invasion is the second most common after enterobiosis. Symptoms depend on the person’s age, on the phase of the disease, on the number of worms in the body.
Symptoms of the phase of migration of Ascaris larvae:
The patient has rashes on the body, they can occur on the legs and arms. The rash is accompanied by severe itching.
Body temperature rises, but more often than not rises above 38 ° C. At the same time, the patient experiences increased weakness, sweating, and malaise.
The liver and spleen increase in size, pains appear in the right side.
There is an obsessive cough. It can be dry or wet, often accompanied by chest pain and shortness of breath.
Symptoms of the intestinal phase of ascariasis:
Appetite begins to deteriorate.
In the morning hours nausea occurs, sometimes vomiting is added.
Diarrhea is replaced by constipation, flatulence is observed.
Weight gradually goes away.
Worms have a toxic effect on the nervous system. This can be manifested in a disturbance in normal sleep, in headaches, in epileptimorphic seizures.
The more massive the invasion of roundworms, the stronger the symptoms of the disease. Invasion can be complicated by liver abscesses, appendicitis, peritonitis cholangitis, pancreatitis. With obstruction of the lungs with roundworms, choking is possible.
Vlasoglav parasitizes in the human intestines and causes a disease called trichocephalosis.
Symptoms of whipworm parasitism in the body:
First of all, the normal process of digesting food suffers. The patient complains of a lack of appetite, he has nausea, which often ends with vomiting.
Constipation is followed by diarrhea, sometimes diarrhea is so strong that patients have prolapse of the rectum, blood stains appear in the stool.
The pains are most often spread throughout the abdomen, occur as pains with a stomach ulcer, although they may resemble appendicitis.
The nervous system suffers. Night rest worsens, irritability increases, headaches occur.
Children tolerate invasion harder. They may have fainting and cramping.
The severity of the invasion is largely determined not only by the age of the patient, but also by the presence of other worms in the body. So, severe forms of trichocephalosis are noted in those patients who are simultaneously infected with amoeba and roundworm.
A wide ribbon is parasitic in the human intestines and causes a disease called diphyllobothriasis.
Symptoms of a wide ribbon in the human body can be bright, or, conversely, blurry:
A specific sign of this helminthic invasion is the presence of long strobils of the worm in the feces. They have the appearance of white oblong ribbons.
The patient begins to experience weakness, periodically liquefaction of the stool occurs.
Appetite falls, weight goes away.
Pain periodically occurs in the abdomen as a contractions.
As the disease progresses, symptoms of anemia, hypotension, and tachycardia increase.
Bright red spots appear on the tongue, and on the sides it begins to crack. The gums, mucous membranes of the cheeks, esophagus, and throat may be involved in the pathological process. This symptom complex is characteristic of B12-deficient anemia.
A person becomes more irritable, prone to depression.
If the disease is very severe, then the patient has a larger liver and spleen, possibly developing intestinal obstruction.
Hookworms parasitize in the human intestines and cause a disease called hookworm.
Symptoms indicating the presence of a hookworm in the human body:
In the invasive phase, the patient develops symptoms characteristic of urticaria or dermatitis. An itchy rash appears on the body that goes away after 10 days.
In the migration phase, allergic reactions develop, cough, shortness of breath and hoarseness appear. Body temperature rises to subfebrile marks.
In the intestinal phase, the patient's appetite disappears, often nausea and vomiting, pain in the epigastric region. This period is characterized by a perversion of taste, selectivity in food.
If children suffer from worms, then a delay in mental and physical development is likely.Adult patients become more irritable, aggressive. Women experience malfunctions in the menstrual cycle.
Trichinella in the mature stage parasitize in the wall of the small intestine, and in the larval stage in the striated muscle (the exception is the heart muscle).
Muscle pain. If at the beginning of the disease they are weak, then as it progresses they gain intensity. Pain occurs in the calf, occipital, and masticatory muscles.
Swelling of the face with frequent conjunctivitis.
Hemorrhagic skin rash.
Low-grade body temperature. During a fever, heartaches, shortness of breath join. The heartbeat intensifies with slight physical exertion.
Perhaps the development of bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy.
Diarrhea and diarrhea are observed in no more than 25% of patients.
Symptoms reach their maximum by the end of 7 days after the invasion, and after 3-4 weeks the disease ends.
Hepatic trematode is an extra-intestinal worm that parasitizes in the liver parenchyma and biliary tract, causing a disease called fascioliasis.
Symptoms of parasitism of the hepatic trematode in the human body, characteristic of the acute stage:
An increase in body temperature. It can rise both to high marks (up to 40 ° C), and to subfebrile values.
Patients experience general malaise and weakness, headaches.
Allergic reactions proceed like hives and are accompanied by skin itching. In severe cases, Quincke's edema is possible.
Pain in the right hypochondrium, nausea, vomiting are characteristic.
The liver becomes enlarged, the development of jaundice is possible.
Often patients suffer from allergic myocarditis, which manifests itself in pain behind the sternum, an increase in blood pressure.
The acute phase of the disease passes after 3-6 months, after which the chronic phase of the disease occurs. It is characterized by symptoms such as: pain in the right hypochondrium, jaundice, hepatomegaly. They are caused by damage to the liver and biliary tract.
Pork and bull tapeworm
Pork tapeworm is an intestinal parasite from the group of cestodoses. The worm causes a disease called teniosis, and its larvae provoke a disease called cysticercosis.
In the early stages of the development of the disease, a person experiences nausea, which may be accompanied by vomiting.
Violation of the stool is expressed in constipation or diarrhea.
Patient's appetite worsens, weight gradually goes away.
Often patients with teniosis complain of anal itching.
A person becomes more irritable, his sleep worsens, fainting is possible.
An extra-intestinal form of teniosis is cysticercosis. Very often, infection occurs during vomiting, when segments and invasive eggs are contained in the vomit thrown into the stomach. They migrate throughout the body and settle on various organs. Science knows cysticercosis of the brain, lungs, heart, and skin.
Symptoms of the disease depend on which organ is affected:
The most common place for settling pork tapeworm larvae is the brain. The patient develops paroxysmal headaches, frequent dizziness occurs. There may be speech disorders, decreased sensitivity, epileptic seizures, delusions, hallucinations, etc. The general cerebral symptoms will depend on in which part of the brain the larvae of the pork tapeworm have settled.
Cysticercosis of the eyeball is manifested by symptoms of conjunctivitis, retinitis, uevita. As the disease progresses, atrophy of the eyeball, retinal detachment, and complete loss of vision are observed.
If the larvae have settled in the lung tissue, then the symptoms of the disease are most often completely absent and it is detected by chance during an x-ray.
When the larvae of pork tapeworm stop in the heart muscle, this is manifested by various disturbances in its rhythm.
Subcutaneous cysticercosis is indicated by neoplasms in which, upon opening, larvae of pork tapeworm will be visualized.
Bull tapeworm is a close relative of pig tapeworm. It also parasitizes in the human intestines and causes a disease called teniosis. A distinctive feature of this worm is its impressive size, which can reach 12 meters.
A specific sign of the presence of bovine tapeworm in the body is the independent creep of its segments with eggs through the anus of a person. This process is always accompanied by unpleasant sensations and contributes to the development of psychological disorders in a person.
Normal intestinal motility suffers, digestion is disturbed.
Patients complain of a constant feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region, heartburn and nausea.
Pain with a teniarinhosis does not have a clear localization, most often they are spread throughout the abdomen.
Bull tapeworm releases toxins into the human body, which contribute to the deterioration of overall well-being, provoke the development of allergic reactions.
The presence of a parasite in the body causes neurological disorders. Patients get tired faster, become more irritable and prone to depression.
Both bovine and pork tapeworm can cause serious complications for human health.
In the human body, echinococcus parasitizes in the stage of the oncosphere. The disease for several decades may not manifest itself. This period is called the latent stage. The parasite is introduced into human tissue and exists there until a certain point in time.
Symptoms of echinococcus in the stage of clinical manifestations are as follows:
Pain in the place where the cyst formed.
Allergic manifestations of the type of urticaria with pruritus.
Disruption of the organ in which the cyst formed.
A person with constant periodicity suffers from nausea and diarrhea if a cyst forms in the liver. In addition, the patient's appetite is impaired, weight is lost.
If the oncosphere is in the lungs, then the pains are localized in the chest, cough and shortness of breath appear. Subfebrile condition persists for a long time.
When the cyst is located in the brain, the patient develops characteristic cerebral symptoms. It largely depends on where the neoplasm is located. Paresis of the extremities, worsening of sensitivity, epileptic seizures, etc. are possible.
If the oncosphere develops in the heart, then the patient experiences pain behind the sternum, they in nature resemble angina pectoris.
With a break in education, symptoms of intoxication increase in the patient, the development of pleurisy, peritonitis, ascites, myocardial infarction, cardiac tamponade and other complications are possible.
Alveococcus for humans is dangerous in the larval stage. It settles in the human liver, after which it begins to spread metastases to various organs: to the brain, to the lungs, etc. The disease is called alveococcosis.
Symptoms that indicate the presence of worm in the body may be absent for many years. In the preclinical period, a person will occasionally be disturbed by skin itching and urticaria. It is also possible the development of an attack of hepatic colic and dyspeptic disorders. The remaining symptoms of the disease are not very specific for alveococcosis (periodic pain in the right hypochondrium, feeling of heaviness, enlarged liver, decreased appetite).
When the disease manifests clinically, the patient develops serious complications, including:
Alveococcus sends metastases to other internal organs, which can lead to rapid death of the patient.
Trematodes are flatworms that cause dangerous diseases in humans called trematodoses.About 40 species of trematodes are capable of parasitizing in the human body, among which the most common are hepatic fluke, cat fluke and schistosome.
The main symptoms that indicate the presence of trematodes in the body:
Allergic reactions such as urticaria, accompanied by skin itching.
An increase in eosinophils in the blood.
Enlargement of the liver and spleen in size.
Bile duct obstruction.
Perhaps a certain variety of symptoms, with the prevalence of certain clinical signs. It depends on which particular worm from the class of trematodes lives in the human body.
Complications and consequences of the presence of worms in the human body
Complications and consequences of the presence of worms in the human body can be very serious. Worms can cause disturbances on the part of all human organ systems. Moreover, it can be an adult patient or a child.
How worms affect the human body:
The worm eats the food that was intended for the needs of the body of its owner. As a result, a person suffers from a lack of nutrients, he develops anemia, vitamin deficiency, hypokalemia and other deficient conditions.
Worms infect human tissues and organs when attached to them. Different types of worms for these purposes have different devices (suction cups, hooks, etc.). In addition, a massive accumulation of worms or the presence of large worms (bovine tapeworm) in the body can lead to intestinal obstruction. Extraintestinal invasions are very dangerous. Such localization of worms disrupt the work of organs and can lead to the death of the patient.
Worms secrete toxins that systematically poison the human body.
An allergic reaction from the human body is a natural response of the immune system to the presence of pathogenic agents. Thus, the body tries to get rid of them. However, just an immune attack is not enough to expel the worm, so allergies occur again and again.
Worms provoke psychological and nervous disorders. Often patients develop not only depression, but persistent neurosis and psychosis. Some people are not even able to accept the idea that worms live in their bodies. The constant presence of parasites in the feces and their toxic effect on the central nervous system exacerbates nervous tension.
Recent data suggest that helminthic infestations contribute to the onset of cancer.
A person with helminthic invasion is a danger to others. From it can infect children, relatives and friends. In addition, worms are often the cause of death of pets and livestock of livestock and poultry.
Therefore, you should always remember the dangers that worms carry, and if even indirect symptoms of parasitic infestation occur, seek medical help.
Analysis of feces and scraping for worm eggs
Worms are mainly intestinal parasites. It is through the intestines that their eggs are secreted. Therefore, for their diagnosis, feces are taken for analysis. In the pharmacy for collecting feces, you can purchase a special container, although you can also use a matchbox or a jar.
So, for the analysis, you will need a container for collecting material and a spatula. If a person sees fragments of worms or a whole helminth, then he also needs to be sent to the laboratory.
It is not necessary to carry feces to the laboratory immediately after collection. It must be delivered to the study within a day. Until then, the collected biomaterial should be stored in the refrigerator. An exception is the collection of feces for analysis of giardiasis. It must be taken warm, since when cooled, the cysts of the parasites are destroyed. During the delivery of feces to the laboratory, the container should be wrapped with a warm cloth.
To diagnose enterobiosis, a scraping is taken from the perianal folds, since female pinworms lay eggs in this area.Before the analysis, you should not wash yourself for about 12 hours or go to the toilet. Therefore, the optimal time to perform the analysis is the morning hours.
Scraping is performed using a cotton swab, which is placed in a clean container and delivered to the laboratory. You can also use sticky tape, which is peeled off the glass, temporarily attached to the anal area, then tear off and again return the sticky side to the glass.
The biological material delivered to the laboratory is examined using a microscope. If a person is infected, the laboratory assistant will see the eggs of the worms, their larvae or segments. Each parasite lays eggs, characteristic only for its species. Therefore, having studied the structure of the egg, it is possible to determine which worm parasitizes in the human body.
If there is a worm in the feces, then most often it looks like a white strip of various lengths. Worms can maintain mobility. You can determine the type of worm in the laboratory.
However, using fecal analysis, it is not always possible to detect worms. For example, the analysis will be uninformative if only Ascaris males that cannot secrete eggs are parasitic in the human body.
Blood test for worms
To detect worms in the blood, an immunological study is used, identifying antibodies to the main types of helminths in it. The reliability and accuracy of ELISA is equal to 95%. With its help, you can detect extraintestinal forms of helminthiases.
Deciphering the results of ELISA in a simplified form:
Helminths parasitize in the body, if class M immunoglobulins (IgM) are elevated in the blood.
Worms in the human body were either present earlier, or helminthic invasion took a chronic course and caused a weakening of human immunity. This conclusion can be made if the level of IgG immunoglobulins is increased, and IgM are not detected in the blood.
In both cases, more in-depth diagnosis and specific treatment will be required.
Test for determining the presence of worms in the body
To determine the worms in the body, you need to answer the following questions and calculate the number of positive answers:
In the anus, from time to time or on an ongoing basis, itching is present.
There is a rash on the skin.
Headaches and dizziness occur frequently.
Periodically, a feeling of nausea occurs, which may be accompanied by vomiting.
There are disorders of the intestines: bloating, flatulence, unstable stools.
Restless sleep, insomnia is often observed, night cries.
There are allergic reactions such as urticaria, rhinitis, cough of an allergic nature. Diagnosed with bronchial asthma.
Lymph nodes are enlarged.
In the stomach there are pains that pass on their own.
There is a bitter aftertaste in the mouth.
Excessive fatigue and fatigue are present.
Work is related to childcare facilities. The family has a child of preschool age.
The mucous membranes and skin are yellow.
Body temperature can rise for no reason.
Muscle or joint pains periodically appear.
The menu includes dried fish, lard with the inclusion of meat veins, sushi, meat with blood.
Weight drops, appetite is either increased or decreased.
Vegetables and fruits are consumed raw without quality pre-treatment.
If there are seven positive answers, then there is a chance of the presence of worms in the body. If there are more than 15 positive answers, then the probability of invasion is at a high level. This is an unambiguous reason for contacting a specialist and conducting high-quality diagnostics.
The treatment of worms is based on the use of anthelmintic drugs. They should be selected by the doctor, since many drugs act only against certain types of helminths. Even a doctor cannot prescribe one or another drug until he receives laboratory tests confirming the invasion.
Do not prescribe yourself medicines for worms, since they have toxicity and can cause side effects.
If the patient is identified with pinworms or roundworm, then he is prescribed to take such drugs as:
Pyrantel (Nemocide, Helminthox, Combantrine).
Albendazole (Vormil, Nemozol).
Mebendazole (Vermacar, Vermox, Thermox, Vormin, etc.).
Pyrrhine embonate (Pirkon, Pyrvinium, Vanquin).
During treatment, certain rules should be followed. First of all, you need to qualitatively carry out personal hygiene and wash your hands before each meal. In addition, some drugs can kill worms, but do not affect their eggs, so after 2-3 weeks, you may need a second course of taking the drugs.
What is possible and what is not possible with worms?
Is it possible to get rid of worms without specific treatment? In theory, this is possible, for example, with enterobiosis. However, most worms require treatment with anthelmintic drugs, since the harm from their presence in the human body is huge.
What are the main symptoms of worms? Vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue and irritability, gastrointestinal tract diseases, bruxism, sleep disorders, allergic reactions, anal itching. In girls and women, vulvovaginitis often occurs. Children lag behind in physical development. In the blood for a long time there is an increased level of eosinophils.
Can anthelmintic drugs be used for prevention? This is a pretty controversial issue. If a decision was made on prophylactic administration, then all possible side effects should be carefully studied. In addition, it is necessary to adequately correlate the possible harm and benefits of such treatment.
Is it worth believing that worms help to lose weight, and drugs with worms have a rejuvenating effect? Definitely not. If the human body learns to cohabit with a worm without harm to its own health, then this will be called not a parasitic disease, but symbiosis. To date, people are able to get along with only certain bacteria.
Is it possible to eat fish infected with worms?
It is believed that fish with worms inside, after high-quality heat treatment, is suitable for food.
Sufficient heat treatment is considered to be:
Cooking for half an hour.
Fry for 20 minutes.
The larger the fish, the longer it takes to cook.
However, most recipes suggest a shorter processing time for fish, which allows you to save maximum nutrients in it. The same applies to other seafood. For example, crayfish, shrimp, scallops - all these seafood are prepared for no more than 10 minutes, but worms can also live in them.
You can neutralize worms in fish by freezing or cooling for 15 hours.
To get rid of worms in fish, you can use salt. However, salting time should be extended for two weeks. Fish should be dried for at least 21 days.
Therefore, with high-quality processing, you can protect yourself from infection with worms from fish, but whether it is worth it, knowing that parasites lived in the carcass, everyone decides independently.
Education: in 2008, received a diploma in “General Medicine” (Therapeutic and Prophylactic) ”in the Russian Research Medical University named after NI Pirogov. Immediately passed internship and received a diploma of therapist.
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