44 most successful plum varieties with description and photo

Plum is a favorite fruit of many. It is actively used in the preparation of aromatic and tasty treats, as well as for preservation. In addition to its excellent taste, the presented plant has a large number of medicinal properties. This is due to the fact that the fruits contain many vitamins.

Variety Top hit refers to late maturity. The fruits are egg-shaped. Their size is quite large. The weight of one plum reaches 80 g. The pulp is tasty, there is a slight acidity. The ripening process is carried out in September.

This variety boasts its annual high yield. The tree is unpretentious in care. It can grow under any conditions. Partially self-fertile variety. The plum mass of the President can reach 70 g. Very tasty and juicy fruits, which are so fond of eating fresh.

General

For this plum, the character is quite soft and delicate. Fruits are used for preservation and preparation of jam, jam, compote. Generalskaya’s trees are characterized by their small stature, are able to withstand frost. They bloom in late May for 3 weeks.

In the Morning variety, the fruit has an oval shape. Its mass can reach 26 g. Color - green with a yellow tint. The pulp is yellow, juicy, there is a slight acidity.

This plum variety is high-yielding. The tree has medium growth and a wide pyramidal crown. The weight of one fruit will be 20-22 g. Their shape is round. This plum variety can withstand severe frosts. The fruit contains many acids, pectins, vitamins and mineral salts.

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Romain (red plum)

This variety is characterized by red color, and it is characteristic not only for fruits, but also for leaves. The berries have a heart-shaped shape and an unusual almond-shaped flavor.

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Spiky Blue Suite

This plum is characterized by an average ripening period. It is characterized by a compact crown and high productivity. The resulting fruits are very sweet and juicy. Their mass can reach 45-60 g.

This variety is characterized by egg-shaped fruits. Their color is purple. It can be used not only for fresh consumption, but also for processing. Unpretentious to care, resistant to frost.

Red ball

A tree of medium height, its height can reach 2.5 m. There is an average density of the crown. The size of the plum is large, the mass can reach 44 g. The shape is round, the color is red. The pulp is juicy, has a light yellow color, a loose consistency. It tolerates transportation. The red ball is used fresh.

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Tula Black (Bryansk Late)

This tree belongs to the fruitful, self-fertile. It has a late ripening period. The average winter hardiness is characteristic. The fruits of Tula are medium in size, presented in the form of an oval. Color - dark blue. Pulp with a reddish tint.

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This variety is characterized by an average ripening period. Blue gift has a high yield, partially self-fertile. Fruits are distinguished by excellent taste, large sizes, their color is purple-blue.

Kuban legend

Tree growth can reach medium heights. It has a wide pyramidal crown. The shape of the fruit is presented in the form of an egg. Their weight can reach 30-35 g. The color is green, and the integument is red-violet.

The best place to grow this variety is Northwest. A tree of small stature, the crown is weeping, not thick. The resulting fruits are characterized by a mass of 24 g, the shape is oval, the color is burgundy. The stone is very easy to separate from the pulp. In most cases, plums are used for fresh consumption, although this variety is willingly used for canning.

This one is considered Canadian, the height of the tree is average. The fruits are egg-shaped. Have a well-defined abdominal suture. Color is blue. The weight of this plum is quite large and amounts to 50 g. The surface of the fruit is strewn with light inclusions. The pulp is juicy, has a greenish-cream tint.

Memory Timiryazev

The tree has an average tall, small stem. Crohn's weeping. The weight of the fetus can reach 23 g. The shape is oval with elongation. The pulp is juicy and has a yellowish tint, the texture is dense. The bone is very easy to detach from the pulp.

This tree has red fruits. Their shape is oval or ovoid. The bone is simply separated from the pulp. The plum tastes sweet and is used to make prunes. The pulp is dense and sugary. Hungarian well tolerates transportation and storage.

The variety under consideration is characterized by dense pulp, juicy, sweet. The bone is very easy to detach. Plums can be stored for a long time, but they cannot be transported. Harvesting the beam to carry out immature. Greengage can be used in food or for various kinds of processing.

Stubborn

The tree is small. The fruits are dark blue. The variety is prolific and does not require special care. It is characterized by rare endurance and great variability. Stubborn is a great choice for preservation.

The variety is characterized by fruits of a round and oval shape. Color can be blue, black, yellow and even white.

Canadian plum

Inflorescences in this tree occur earlier than all. Therefore, the plum is not afraid of frost. But in this case, the owner will need to take care of growing several trees for cross-pollination. The reason is that Canadian varieties are not prone to pollination.

We recommend that you also familiarize yourself with the description of the Sinilga variety in this material.

The full name of this variety is Burbank Giant. This is a diploid plum, which has large and tasty fruits. It is able to withstand frost and monoliosis.

Kabardinka

This variety was obtained in Kabardino-Balkaria and the Stavropol Territory. Ripening of fruits of the Kabardian variety occurs in mid-August. They have an average weight of 30-45 g. Their shape is spherical, and the flesh is very tasty.

In this tree, the fruits have a morphological similarity to cherry plum. The tree is characterized by the presence of a powerful wide-pyramidal crown. After planting Angelina in the first years, it is necessary to perform pruning, which will speed up fruiting. The tree begins to produce fruits after 3 years from the time of planting.

This is a tree of medium height. It has medium-weight fruits - 30-35 g. Color - brown, and the flesh is light yellow. Mashenka has high palatability. Ripening occurs in mid-July. The bone is very easy to detach.

This video will tell you how to plant a plum in the garden.

In fact, all the presented varieties, like Stanley plum, are distinguished by excellent taste. They are loved not only by small children, but even by adults. To obtain a high yield and excellent taste, it is necessary to properly care for this crop.

Plum variety early maturity table

In the table, varieties are classified by ripening time:

(July - early August)

(August)

(end of August - September)

BogatyrskayaGreengage SovietGreenclod KharitonovaFavorite of MlievRed meatSouvenir of the East

Grossa di Felicio

Now we learn about each variety in more detail.

Starting plum

It is found in the gardens of the central and black earth region. This powerful, medium tree tolerates both low and high temperatures. The first fruits are formed 5 years after planting a seedling. Although the plum is self-fertile, it forms very few ovaries to increase productivity, the Volga beauty and Eurasia are planted next to it.

The fruit ripens in late July. They are burgundy, large up to 60 g with yellow, watery and sweet flesh. The peel is very dense, this allows you to transport fruits over long distances, without fear that they will lose their presentation. The plant does not require preventive treatments with fungicides and insecticides, since it is resistant to diseases and insects.

She is the "apricot cherry plum" - a hybrid of apricot and plum. This is a short, fast-growing tree. Its height is on average 1.5 m. Fruiting occurs in the second year, but for the formation of ovaries, varieties are planted nearby, blooming at the same time as in the second half of April.

The advantage of the hybrid is its high frost resistance, which allows it to be grown in the Far East and in the Leningrad Region. Drought tolerance is low, requires regular heavy watering.

The fruits begin to ripen on July 15th. Productivity is high. Large plums - at least 50 g, green-yellow with purple dots and light yellow, sweet pulp, smell like apricots.

Well tolerate transportation. Ripe fruits are not prone to shedding or cracking.

Zarechnaya plum

It is cultivated in the black earth central regions. The tree is easily recognizable by curved branches. The first fruits are removed after 4 years. Volga beauty, Etude and Greenclod Tambovsky are planted as pollinators.

Harvested on July 21–31. Large plums with juicy and sweet pulp. Purple fruits are evenly distributed over the crown, so that they do not grow smaller, and the branches do not break under their weight.

Plum is not afraid of frost and drought, resistant to major diseases. The fruits are transportable, do not spoil for a long time. More often go to the blanks - jams, compotes, jams.

Drying such plums is not recommended, because of the dense skin they will be hard.

Kabardian plum

A self-fertile variety, so it does not need additional pollination. It is grown only in warm areas, it does not tolerate frost, but can withstand short-term freezing up to -10 ° C.

A dense crown and a large tree height of up to 6 m cause inconvenience when harvesting. She gives the first fruits for 4–5 years. Fruits ripen in mid-late July; up to 120 kg are harvested from a tree. Fruit picking must be done quickly, as mature plums quickly fall off.

They are not stored for long, but transportable. The fruits are burgundy red, large up to 50 g. They can be covered with a gray coating and spots. The pulp is dense with a sweet and sour taste.

The taste and size of the fruit is influenced by the weather. In cold or dry summers, they acquire acid and are significantly smaller. Productivity drops in rainy weather and low temperature. This plum is not afraid of fruit rot and klyasterosporiosis.

The variety of Serbian selection has many names. After the "Chachak" add one of the options - beauty, early, naiboliya, the best. The tree is up to 3 m, grows very quickly, frost-resistant, but in the lowlands with moist soil, young seedlings can freeze. Kidneys suffer from spring frosts.

The first fruits appear in 2-3 years. Plums need to be planted nearby - Nenko, German, Voloshka, Chachak lepotika. Young trees form fruits annually, old plums yield 1 time in 2 years. Remove them in the second half of July. The fruits are large up to 60 g. The color of the skin depends on the air temperature, the hotter, the more violet it becomes.

Fruits may be coated with a bluish or pinkish coating. When overripe, the yellow-green flesh loses its sweet and sour taste. Be sure to plum treated with special substances from insects for preventive purposes.

Ukrainian grade. He is not afraid of frost, so he is grown in different areas. A tree about 3 m high. The leaves grow strictly vertically. The first fruits are formed after 2 years and ripen in early August, in the southern regions at the end of July.

Fruits are large up to 60 g, barrel-shaped, violet-burgundy with a thick waxy coating. The flesh is yellow with a sweet and sour taste. When transporting fruits do not lose their attractive appearance and taste. The variety is little affected by disease.

Early plum

It belongs to the Chinese variety, the variety was bred by Russian specialists. Siberian and Far Eastern gardeners cultivate it; it grows well in the middle lane. The tree is stunted, the crown is spherical.

The first fruits appear at 3 years, but the fruiting is irregular. The high-frost resistant variety withstands temperatures up to -40 ° C; the buds are not afraid of spring frosts. The root neck can vyprivat, but only in those areas where frosts give way to thaws in winter. The plant is also resistant to drought.

For pollination, plums Red Ball and Russian, hybrid cherry plum are planted. The fruits ripen in early August. They are medium in size up to 28 g with a thick yellow skin. An orange or red blush forms on the sunny side. The pulp is yellow, juicy, sweet and sour with a melon smack. Plum is disease resistant, rarely suffers from pest attack.

Her life expectancy is 21 years.

Honey yellow or white

It is one of the record holders for the size of a tree, which can reach a height of 7 m. The crown is sparse, as little branches are formed. However, this does not affect yield indicators. It is cultivated everywhere, it can grow in cold areas. The first fruits are formed for 4 years, but for the formation of the ovaries, Vengerka Donetsk and Renklod Karbysheva are planted nearby.

The fruit ripens in late July. The fruits themselves are large - up to 50 g, pale yellow with a plentiful white coating. An orange blush appears on the barrel, turned toward the sun. The pulp is amber, sweet and honey, the aroma of honey is also present. Fruits are transportable, high productivity. The advantages of plums are resistance to frost up to -30 ° C, drought and disease.

Russian plum variety with periodic fruiting. The first fruits appear in the fourth year, but once every 4 years the plum rests and does not bear fruit. The yield is high up to 50 kg, but maturation is extended.

The first ripe fruits are picked from the beginning of August. They are medium in size, painted in greenish-yellow, covered with a white coating. A barrel turned towards the sun quickly blurs. The variety does not require pollinators. Winter hardiness, immunity to diseases and pests is average.

A novelty among plum varieties, suitable for cultivation in the central Chernozem region. The tree is tall up to 5 m. The fruits appear for 4 years. For the ovary, varieties are planted in the neighborhood that bloom with it at the same time. Fruiting is regular.

The fruits are large, yellow-green with a thin skin, therefore, transportation is poorly tolerated. The pulp is juicy with dessert flavor. Ripening period is the end of July. For winter hardiness and drought tolerance has high rates.

The variety was bred by Russian breeders. The tree is tall - up to 5.5 m. It is intended for cultivation in the Central region of Russia. On frost resistance and heat resistance it has average indicators. The plant begins to bear fruit at 4–5 years. This is a self-infertile variety, it needs pollinators. The best are Egg Blue, Hungarian Moscow, Blue Gift, Overbearing, Opal, Red Skorospelka, Morning and Volga Beauty.

The fruits ripen from mid-August. Productivity is high, up to 20–40 kg, but it does not bear fruit every year. A good harvest is taken every 3-4 years. The fruits are dark purple, large - 35 g with a dessert flavor.

Ripe fruits quickly crumble, so you can not hesitate to harvest. The fruits are transportable. It has an average resistance to diseases, but it has immunity to claustosporiasis (hole blotch).

Bogatyrskaya

The variety was bred by Soviet specialists and is intended for cultivation in the Volgograd region.A medium-sized tree with curved branches that extend from the trunk at an acute angle. When forming pruning, it is recommended to leave horizontal branches, since those growing vertically or at an acute angle easily break under the weight of the crop.

Fruiting occurs 4–5 years after the planting of an annual seedling in the ground. Fruits plum annually. She does not need pollinating neighbors. Harvest ripens in the twenties of August. The fruits are dark purple, large - weighing 30-60 g. Ripe plums become black. Yields are high, up to 80 kg is removed from the tree.

The fruits are transportable. In cool conditions are stored up to 20 days. The pluses of this variety also include high frost resistance and resistance to diseases - moniliosis (fruit rot), klyasterosporiosis and pests.

The variety is recommended to be planted on felt cherries, apricots, cherry plum and large-fruited thorns. Life expectancy depends on stock and ranges from 15 to 30 years.

With a large harvest, the fruits are smaller.

This is a columnar plum variety that is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners, as it requires much less space. They grow it in the Kuban and the gardens of the Ciscaucasia. It also takes root in the Middle lane, but requires additional care. The tree in appearance resembles a narrow pyramid and reaches a maximum height of two meters.

It is resistant to frost, but seedlings up to three years are more sensitive to cooling, they need to be insulated for the winter. It does not tolerate drought and heat well, since the main part of the roots is close to the soil surface, and in the dry period the tree cannot independently extract moisture from the depth of the soil. In hot summers, it is often watered. Colon-shaped plum differs in early fruiting. The first fruits already appear in the second year after planting a seedling.

For the Imperial plum, pollinators are required - Stanley and Bluefree in the southern regions, Greenclod Altana in the colder areas. Plums ripen in mid-August, ripe fruits do not crumble. They are pink in color, sometimes purple tint may be present. Imperial is also found with brown fruits that do not differ in taste from pink fruits.

The fruits are large, weight is 55 g. The flesh is golden color with a honey flavor. Productivity is up to 12 kg per tree. The average life expectancy of plums is 15 years. From the age of 10, yields begin to decline, and 13-17-year-old trees may not produce at all.

Favorite of Mliev

Large-fruited variety, the fruits weigh up to 90 g and ripen in late July and early August, are not prone to shedding. The tree has a medium size and compact crown. For the formation of the ovary, varieties of Greenland are planted next to Altana or Ulensa or Chachakskaya.

The color of the fruit depends on how much sunlight fell on them. Growing in the shade remain light green, those that "bathed" in the rays acquire a bright lemon color. The pulp has a fibrous structure and a pleasant taste. Plums have good winter hardiness and disease resistance. More plum suffers from an insect invasion - preventative treatments are necessarily carried out.

The variety was bred by Tatar breeders. The tree is average, the first fruits are formed after 3 years. Fruits are harvested from August 10, plum bears fruit regularly. For the formation of the ovary, the Superearly, Early Ripening red and Tatar yellow are planted nearby.

The fruits are dark red and large. The pulp contains a large amount of ascorbic acid. Productivity is high up to 18 kg. The variety is winter-hardy, with drought tolerance and resistance to disease has average indicators.

Red meat plum

Due to its high adaptive abilities and good survival rate it is widespread - from southern to northern regions. Tree up to 4 m, it is highly frost-resistant and drought-resistant. Necessarily planted next to other varieties of plums - Ussuri, Skoroplodnaya, Russian and plum hybrids, otherwise the harvest does not wait.

Ripening dates depend on the region of cultivation, the warmer, the earlier the fruits are picked, starting in mid-August. Productivity is good up to 20 kg. The fruits are fleshy, dark red. The pulp has a strong plum aroma. The peel tastes sour with bitterness. The fruits are transportable. Plum is not susceptible to fungal diseases, but is not resistant to gum disease.

A seedling of Red-plum plum, but, unlike it, has larger fruits up to 25 g. A tree with decorative foliage, a red tint in the color. Plum bears fruit regularly, the fruits ripen from August 10. They are red with a touch of plaque. The pulp is also rich red and has a pleasant almond flavor.

Souvenir of the East

Cultivated in the middle zone of Russia. The tree is low, not more than 2.5 m, highly frost resistant. With spring thaws, it is prone to reheating. When grown in a cool climate, experts recommend planting it on more frost-resistant specimens.

Plum requires additional pollination, the best for this purpose are considered to be the giant and plum plum. This is a large-fruited variety, harvested in mid-August.

The color of the fruit changes as it ripens. At first they have an orange color, then they acquire a darker burgundy color. Dark orange pulp is very fragrant and has a dessert flavor. Yields are high - up to 45 kg. The plum is prone to hole spotting.

Common Hungarian

She is Ugorka, Domestic and Moldavian. It is grown in warm regions, for example, in the Kursk or Voronezh regions. In a cool climate it freezes in winter. The tree has a strong growth, grows up to 6 m. Fruiting is annual, later. The first fruits can be enjoyed in 8 years.

This is a self-made variety, but in order to increase productivity, Anna Shpet, Italian or Renklod Altana plum is planted on it. Record crop yields of up to 150 kg. Fruits are almost black with a bluish bloom and brown spots, small ones do not exceed 20 g by weight. If the summer is rainy, then they crack. This variety is suitable for the production of prunes. Plum is resistant to diseases and insect pests.

Royal Rouge or Red Nectarine

Better known to us under the name Peach. French breeders gave the world this plum. They grow it in the southern Russian regions and other countries - Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine.

A tree with late fruiting, the first fruits can be tasted only after 7 years. It is not high, the seedling grows and grows very quickly. In late July and mid-August, large, yellow-green fruits with a rosy barrel are removed.

In warm regions, the flesh is sweet and sour, while cultivating plums in cooler regions, astringency appears on the palate. Harvest does not happen every year, the fruits do not fall off when ripe, they are transportable. The variety is medium resistant. Of pollinators, varieties of Renklod and Vengerki are planted to it.

Egg blue

Plum is cultivated in the middle lane. This is a self-made variety. The fruits are dark blue with a small tint of violet tint up to 35 g, covered with white bloom. Their pulp is sweet. In shape, they resemble the shape of eggs, which is reflected in the name.

The tree grows up to 6 m. Plum can withstand frosts to -35C, while the shoots and buds are not damaged. But her attitude to drought is the opposite, with a dry period it must be watered abundantly. Harvest ripe fruits (up to 12 kg) are removed in mid-late August. The variety is susceptible to attack by insects and hole blotch.

The variety was bred in Belarus, it is perfectly adapted in the central regions of Russia. The tree has a medium size, sparse crown. The first fruits appear at 4 years old, and they begin to ripen on August 1-15.

Large fruits are formed in large numbers on branches. They are saturated blue with sweet flesh. Plum is resistant to claustosporiosis.

Eurasia (or Eurasia 21)

Gardeners cultivate the middle lane and the Leningrad region. The tree branches grow quickly, which can not be said about the extension of the trunk. Therefore, there is a high probability of a breakdown of the plum in a strong wind. In height, it reaches 6 m.

The first fruits can be harvested from it after 4–5 years, Mayak, the Volga beauty, the Red Skorospelka and the varieties of Renklod — Soviet and collective farm varieties — are necessarily planted nearby for pollination. Plum is frost-resistant, but with a longer ripening period.

Ripe fruits are already harvested at the end of July, the last harvested until the twentieth of August. Small fruits up to 30 g, burgundy with a touch and orange flesh. Ripe fruits are showered. With insufficient moisture in the soil, they crack, are not transportable. Plum is resistant to many diseases and insects, but prone to hole blotchiness.

A variety from the shores of Misty Albion - England. He feels rather well in temperate climates in the European part. The tree is characterized by rapid growth, prone to overgrowth. At first, the branches grow upward, and closer to the beginning of fruiting, they stretch horizontally to the ground.

The plum begins to bear fruit in the fifth year. The tree is drought and frost resistant. He is not afraid of frosts down to -25 ° C. This is a self-made variety.

From adult plums collect up to 40 kg of fruit. The maximum yield is 70 kg. Large fruits more than 50 g, individual can gain up to 100 g of weight. The peel is purple-violet and is covered with a noticeable coating. Taste is high, but depends on weather conditions. In arid summers and cold September, the fruits become acidic and hard. They are transportable, retain their presentation.

She has no innate immunity to diseases, so fertilizers must be applied annually.

The weak point of the President's plum is the branches. Under the weight of the fruit, they can break off, in order to avoid this, additional supports are installed.

A variety from American breeders. It bears fruit well in the south of the central regions and in the north of the southern regions, since the plum is not afraid of cold weather, but its resistance to drought is average. It is practically not damaged by diseases of fungal origin and is immune to scab, diseases of wood and bark.

Begins to bear fruit in the fourth year. Pollinators are planted near it - Amers, Stanley, President, Opal, Anna Shpet. Fruits are large up to 70 g, 100 g are also found. But the size and weight depend on the number of ovaries on the tree. If there are a lot of them, then the fruits are smaller. Harvested annually. The fruits ripen in late September and early October.

It is noteworthy that the black-purple color appears long before ripening - this is misleading to many inexperienced gardeners. Ripe fruits have yellow flesh with a honey flavor.

Gigantic

Another variety from American breeders, which feels good in almost all regions, even in the northern regions of the country with winter shelter. The tree grows up to 4 meters in height.

Begins to bear fruit in the fourth year, does not require pollinating varieties. It is a winter-hardy variety that can withstand temperatures down to -34 ° C. The fruits ripen in late August or early September.

Productivity is high up to 45 kg. The fruits are large - 60 g, in shape resemble an inverted egg. The skin is pink-red with a bluish bloom. The fruits are transportable. Of the minuses - susceptibility to moniliosis, low drought tolerance.

Italian selection with long-stored fruits. In appearance, the plant resembles plum. And this is understandable, since the breeders crossed the Chinese plum and cherry plum. The tree is powerful, grows very much, has an average frost resistance. In the central Black Earth region, the plum perishes, having begotten three times. It grows well in the same areas as cherry plum.

The first fruits are formed at 3 years. For the formation of ovaries, it is necessary to plant pollinators - Black Amber, Ozark Premier, cherry plum. Ripening period is mid - end of September. From a tree they collect up to 60 kg, bear fruit regularly. Plums are large, the weight of one specimen can be 120 g, but on average it is 60–90 g. They are dark purple with a silver coating.

The refrigerators are stored up to 3 months. To increase the shelf life, they are recommended to be removed immature. Resistance to pathogens is average, plum is unstable to fruit rot, rust and klyasterosporioz.

Ochakovskaya yellow or white

Cultivated in warm regions, it does not tolerate frosty weather. In the middle lane, it takes root well, but requires mandatory shelter for the winter. A medium-sized tree, a distinctive feature is multi-stemmedness.

Begins to bear fruit after 4 years, but at intervals. Nearby pollinators are planted: Hungarian of Moscow or Pulkovo, Red Skorospelka. The fruits ripen late - in the third decade of September. Yields are low.

Fruits are prone to falling off and cracking. They are light yellow with a white coating, medium to 26 g. Their flesh is yellow-green, aromatic with a sweet taste and a hint of spice. Of the minuses, there is a predisposition to hole spotting, often plum aphid settles on it.

She is Ussuri 18-3. The variety was brought up by an Altai specialist. The tree is medium in size, with paniculate crown. Winter hardiness is good, but the tree does not tolerate sharp jumps in temperature and is prone to aging.

Fruits are small up to 12 g, yellow. The skin is not bitter. They ripen on August 15. The variety requires regular watering, not drought tolerant.

Prune Adyghe

The name indicates that the fruits are well suited for drying and obtaining prunes. A tree of medium height up to four meters. It is characterized by high frost and drought resistance and productivity.

This is a self-made plant, he does not need pollinators. He does not give a crop every year; he needs a period of rest. Fruits are large up to 45 g of saturated blue color. The skin is thick with a bitter taste. The pulp is yellow-green, granular. Late-ripening variety resistant to diseases of fungal origin.

The variety is cultivated in the central region. In the first years of life, the seedling needs shelter, even in the southern regions. The tree grows rapidly, resistant to heat and frost, return frosts. The first fruits are formed after 3 years. Further gives a crop regularly.

Fruits are large, up to 70 g bright yellow with speckled blush and pulp of dessert flavor. Their maturity comes at the end of August. Plum is resistant to diseases and insects.

Highly frost resistant variety. The tree is medium in size. Gives a regular crop, high yield indicators. It does not require planting next to pollinators.

The fruit ripens on September 1–10. They are large red-violet with white dots and greenish-yellow sweet flesh. Plum is not subject to gray rot and spotting.

German variety, which is distinguished by very large fruits weighing 100 g. They are elongated and in shape resemble an egg. The fruits are saturated purple and covered with a thick layer of plaque. The pulp is juicy.

The tree is tall with a spreading crown. It gives the first fruits for 4 years, with regular fruiting. The fruits are transportable, the yield at the highest level. Maturing late - late September or early October. The variety is winter-hardy, has immunity to fungus and various fungal diseases.

Grossa di Felicio

Non-frost resistant drain. Tree up to 6 m in height. From the tenth of September large, purple fruits with a wax coating are removed from it.

Culture needs pollinators, the best are the varieties President and Sugar. Yields are average, but the variety is resistant to disease.

Cultivated in the middle lane. This is a relatively low tree. The ripeness of the fruit occurs by the end of August. They are large up to 35 g, dark red with a dessert flavor. Plum with good winter hardiness.

Russian grade. A medium-sized tree can be distinguished by sparse and drooping branches. The first fruits are formed in the fourth year. Winter-hardy plum.

It has average drought tolerance, so it needs watering. The fruits ripen by early September. They are large up to 70 g, purple with a plentiful bloom.Plum is immune to diseases and insects.

La crescent

Highly frost-resistant variety, besides self-fertile, so there is no need to plant other varieties next to it. The tree reaches a height of 6 m. In early September, yellow fruits ripen on it with a blush of burgundy hue, large in size up to 60 g. The pulp is juicy with an apricot aroma.

Wax coating covers not only the fruit, but also the shoots. Fruits are non-transportable; when transported over long distances, they lose their attractive appearance. Plum has good adaptive qualities and resistance to powdery mildew and late blight, but is susceptible to bacteriosis.

He is Stanley. An old variety bred by American experts. It adapted well in the southern regions of Russia and the North Caucasus region. The trees are medium, grow up to 3 m, the crown is sparse. Begin to bear fruit in the sixth year, yield yield annually. This is a high-yielding variety - up to 60 kg.

The fruits ripen in late August. They are large, dark purple with yellow, granular and fragrant flesh. Plum is not afraid of frosts down to -34 ° C, is not prone to diseases - shark and spotting, but is subject to gray rot. Drought tolerance is average.

Trees suffer from a plum aphid attack. With prolonged drought, the fruits lose their taste and fall off, in order to avoid this, it is necessary to water them regularly, the plum is also picky to the soil. She needs fertile soil rich in minerals. Feeding is done annually.

Greengage - this group includes many varieties that can be recognized by the following characteristics:

  • tree 4-6 m high,
  • gives the first fruits for 3-4 years,
  • productivity is high, from a 25-year-old you can collect up to 100 kg of fruit,
  • ripening dates are different - some are early ripe, others are late-ripening, but more often they are harvested in late August,
  • fruits of a characteristic spherical shape with a flattened tip, juicy pulp and dessert flavor,
  • color palette from yellow to dark red tones,
  • on the skin there may be cherry blossoms,
  • the wax coating is plentiful, but it is easily washed off with water.

The greengage is cultivated in areas with mild winters - Kursk, Rostov and Volgograd regions. Experts recommend vaccinating them in more frost-resistant varieties. Greenclod Green is propagated by seed. With good care, they are resistant to disease.

Greengage Collective Farm

Early ripe representative. Fruits ripen in mid-August. Fruits are colored yellow-green, small up to 20 g. Productivity is good - up to 40 kg. The pulp is a delicate lime color, juicy and sweet. Overripe fruits quickly fall off.

This is a self-infertile variety, in the neighborhood of Greenland are thorny, Skorospelka, Eurasia 21, Hungarian Moscow. The tree bears fruit regularly.

Highly frost-resistant variety withstands temperatures down to -25 ° C. If it freezes, it is restored within two years. Flowers well tolerate frost in the spring. Prone to plague fungal diseases.

Soviet greengage (blue)

It grows well in the Black Earth region. This is a self-made tree (about three meters), which is not afraid of severe frosts to -30 ° C. The first fruits are formed on the 5th year. The ripening period is mid-late August.

Yield indicators with the age of the tree increase from 15 to 60 kg. Fruits are ink-violet, covered with a bluish bloom with yellow, sweet pulp. When freezing, it becomes powdery, loose, but the taste does not lose. The variety is unstable to polystigmosis.

Greenclod Kharitonova

This is a new variety. The tree grows up to 5 m. The first fruits are formed after 4 years, about 25 kg are removed from the tree. They are medium in size, like the previous ones, painted in ink purple.

Overripe fruits can be recognized by a thick waxy coating. The pulp is light green and sweet. The disadvantage of this variety is the poor winter hardiness of wood.

Greengage White

It is easy to recognize by the unusual appearance of the fruit. They are large, dull white with almost colorless flesh, in which there is a faint pale lemon or greenish tint. It is juicy, sweet and very fragrant, but preparations from such fruits look unappetizing, therefore they are usually consumed fresh.

The tree bears fruit after 3 years, does not exceed 4.5 m in height. Pollinators are planted next to it, the varieties of Greenclod - Zeleny and Altana and Vengerka Donetsk are considered the best. Plum can withstand not only low temperatures up to -34 ° C, but also a long dry period. Ripening period falls at the end of August.

Grades Giant

Giant - this name combines many plum varieties with very large fruits. The mass of one fruit can reach up to 250 g, on average they weigh above 100 g. All trees of this species are powerful, easily withstand a plentiful harvest. When planting on a plot of seedlings of 2 years of age, the first fruits will appear after 3 years. If the variety is obtained by planting a seed, the fruiting onset period increases to 5 years.

Fruits perfectly tolerate transportation, do not lose their taste and attractive appearance. They can be painted in any color - in yellow, burgundy, violet shades, covered with a weak, easily erasing coating. The sweet taste is mainly in light-colored plums, in dark-colored fruits there is a slight acidity.

Taste can change due to weather conditions, and often not for the better. Sweetness disappears when there is an excess or lack of moisture in the soil, poor lighting, or due to agrotechnical errors of the gardener.

Plum Giant can not boast of frost resistance, is severely affected by spring frosts, susceptible to diseases of fungal origin and the attack of insects.

Burbank is one of the representatives of the Giant. A distinctive feature is very large fruits up to 250 g. It is an American winter-hardy variety, resistant to moniliosis. Fruiting occurs at 4 years, it is regular. Fruits are burgundy or purple with a faint, slightly noticeable bloom and dark red fragrant flesh. They are suitable for making prunes. Collect them at the end of July.

Knowing the characteristics of plum varieties helps in choosing new trees for the site. After all, each variety has its own characteristics, ripening dates, climatic preferences. The quality and quantity of the crop largely depends on the correctly selected variety for a particular locality.

7 best plum varieties

These varieties are characterized by increased resistance to diseases and pests, good winter hardiness and dessert taste of fruits.

Early The early variety, ripening by 1-2 days of August, has exceptional frost resistance. The variety is not affected by fruit rot, has an increased resistance to major diseases and pests of stone fruits. Fruits of a reddish hue with yellow sweet pulp weighing up to 30 g. Plum of this variety is put up with drought, during a period of lack of moisture, neither growth nor fruiting are affected.

Yakhontovaya. Plum of this variety has excellent frost resistance and resistance to insect pests and diseases of fruit crops. Yellow fruits have a light waxy coating, pronounced sweet and sour taste, reach a mass of 30 g. Plum variety Yakhontovaya is drought-resistant, for 3 years after planting from a tree, you can collect 50 kg of fruits.

Tula black. The variety is characterized by a high level of immunity to the main diseases and pests of stone fruits, the taste and frost resistance are slightly lower than in previous crops. The main purpose of the dark blue fruits of sweet and sour taste - use for harvesting, preparing dried fruits. The fruit ripens in mid-September.

Chinese. A winter-hardy mid-early variety (mid-September) has a high immunity to pests and diseases of fruit trees. The variety has large, red fruits weighing up to 70 g of a gentle sweet taste.

Blue gift. Sweet fruits of this variety weigh a little - only 15 g. They ripen in 1-2 days of August, the tree is frost-resistant, rarely exposed to diseases.

Giant. The delicate fruits of this variety correspond to the name - they reach a weight of 110 g, have a pleasant taste, sweet without sugaryness. Trees of this variety are unstable to fungal diseases, winter hardiness is low.

Stanley An old variety of American selection, popular to the present. It is in the state registry of the Russian Federation, recommended for cultivation in the south of Russia. Medium-sized trees reach a height of 3 m. Have a rare crown. Large and very large fruits of dark purple and green color are covered with a waxy coating. The plum pulp of this variety is sweet, dense and aromatic, the seed separates. The purpose of the variety is to use it as a dessert, for drying for future use, for homemade workpieces.

All of the above plum varieties are characterized by early maturity (obtaining the first crop from the third year of life), and good yield. They are used as a dessert or raw material for preparations: making compote, jam, jam, pastille, etc. Plums of these varieties are transportable, that is, they are suitable for transportation over long distances.

The most popular varieties of plums for Russia

If you want to plant a plum in your yard, then you should take a closer look at the varieties that are most suitable for your region. Of course, there are a lot of varieties and for you we presented the best varieties of plums, as well as their photos.

Top hit.

This variety has late ripening. Fruits are large egg-shaped, weigh about 80 grams. It ripens in September and has a delicious flesh with a slightly sour taste.

The president.

It features high yields. Unpretentious and partially self-pollinated variety. The mass of berries is 70 grams, they are very juicy and tasty. Suitable for fresh consumption.

General’s.

Suitable for canning, has a delicate and mild taste. Trees grow low and frost-resistant. Bloom in late May and bloom for about 3 weeks.

Morning.

Oval fruits weighing 26 grams. The skin is dyed green with a yellowish tint. The pulp is yellow and juicy, with a slight sour taste.

Nenko.

Most likely you are interested in what types of plums exist. And just here you will see the information that you are looking for. A tree of this variety of medium height with a wide pyramidal crown brings a rich harvest. Its berry weighs 20 - 22 grams, round shape. Frost-resistant, fruits contain many vitamins and minerals.

Alyonushka.

Bred in China. It has a spherical crown. The fruits are distinguished by their large size and bone, which cannot be separated from the pulp. Leaves are very similar to peach leaves.

Romain (red plum).

Red color is inherent not only to fruits, but also to leaves. Heart-shaped berries with an almond flavor.

Chemal large.

It begins to bear fruit already 3 to 4 years after planting. Differs in frost resistance. Loves moisture and is not self-pollinated.

Spiky Blue Sweet.

By maturity - mid-ripening. Compact crown gives abundant harvests. The fruits are sweet and juicy with a mass of 45 - 60 grams.

Egg

The name characterizes the shape of the fruit. The color is purple, suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for workpieces. Unpretentious and frost-resistant.

Honey white.

Excellent taste, similar to May honey. The tree grows up to 5 meters. Flowering is early, and the crop is high. Not self-pollinating.

Red ball.

We continue to provide you with a description of the plum variety. The next variety grows to 2.5 meters in height. Crohn of medium density. Fruits are large, weighing 44 grams, rounded in shape with a red skin. And the flesh is light yellow, juicy and friable. It tolerates transportation, it is recommended to use it fresh.

Eurasia 21.

Trees grow tall with a chaotic crown. Round berries reach 33 grams of mass. The skin is red - burgundy with a wax coating. It tastes juicy, with a slight acidity.

Tula Black (Bryansk Late).

Harvest and self-fertile variety. By maturity - late. Excellent winter hardiness. The fruits are oval, medium sized. Dark blue color, but the flesh is reddish.

Blue gift.

Mid-season grade. High-yielding and partially self-pollinated. The fruits are violet - blue, large and tasty.

Early red

The result of folk selection. Early and self-fertile. Fruits are oval with a purple color. The pulp is dense and red, slightly sour. Matures in August.

Oh yeah.

Here you can see plum varieties that are suitable for central Russia. But back to the description of the plum varieties. Early ripe variety on a low tree. Unpretentious, grows even on loams and gives a rich harvest. It is only necessary to moisten the soil and make organic fertilizers. The fruit is purple, fleshy, sweet and sour.

Kuban legend.

Medium high variety with a wide crown. Egg-shaped berries reach 30 - 35 grams. The skin is red - purple with green flesh.

Wicana.

A suitable option for growing in the North-West of our country. Small height, with a flowing sparse crown. Fruits are oval in shape, weighing 24 grams and burgundy. The bone is easily detachable. Suitable for fresh consumption and for canning.

Valor.

A medium-tall tree is considered Canadian. Egg-shaped fruits of blue color with a well-visible seam weigh 50 grams. On the surface of the skin, you can see light blotches. The pulp has a greenish cream tint and is very juicy.

The memory of Timiryazev.

Medium high grade with weeping crown. The shape of the berries is elongated - oval, with juicy yellowish pulp and a weight of 23 grams. The bone is easy to separate from the pulp.

Hungarian.

Fruits of red color are ovoid or oval. The stone is easily detachable and the berries are used to produce prunes. It has a dense pulp with a sweet taste and sugar texture. Great for storage and transportation.

Greengage.

It has a dense, juicy and sweet flesh. The stone is easily separable, the berries are stored for a long time, but do not tolerate transportation. It is better to collect it still immature and either immediately eat it or process it.

Mirabel.

Early plum varieties cannot be imagined without this variety. It has a juicy and sweet flesh with excellent detachable bone. The fruits are oval and small, pointed at both ends. Something like cherry plum.

Stubborn.

Small trees with dark blue fruits. A prolific, hardy and unpretentious variety. Great for conservation.

Damascene.

It has fruits of oval and round shape, and they can be in color red, and black, and blue, and even white.

Canadian plum.

Very early variety with frost-resistant inflorescences. But several trees are needed for cross-pollination.

Burbank.

Diploid variety with large, tasty berries. Full name Burbank Giant. It is frost-resistant and resists monolioz.

Kabardinka.

Ripens by mid-August. The shape of the fruit is spherical, with a mass of 30 - 45 grams and delicious pulp.

Angelina

A variety similar to cherry plum. It has a wide pyramidal crown. If you cut the crown in the first years after planting, it will help to accelerate fruiting, about 3 years after planting.

Masha

Medium-tall tree with a mass of berries 30 - 35 grams. The skin is brown and the flesh is light yellow. Ripen by mid-July and have a great taste. The bone is easily detachable.

Finally

If you like plum, it’s quite difficult to determine which variety is better. And all this because there are extremely many varieties of this fruit. In their quantity, you can get lost. Be aware that in any case, with proper care of any of the varieties, you can get an excellent crop that delights in taste and benefits both children and adults, strengthens the immune system and promotes healthy digestion. Plum compotes opened on the New Year's table will remind you of pleasant summer days on a frosty night, filling the room with a fragrant garden aroma. And plum jam pies will please both guests and hosts at any family celebration!

The best varieties of yellow, blue and red plums

Gardeners consider the plum to be almost the most whimsical fruit tree. But the taste of juicy sweet fruits is worth the labor and troubles that the farmer does, caring for his garden.

Today, there are many varieties of plums that are suitable for different regions, so when choosing seedlings for planting, you need to pay attention to their characteristics.

In a huge assortment, every gardener can find a variety that suits him.

Plum variety with early ripeness. The height of the tree usually does not exceed 3 meters. Fruits are formed rounded, in diameter they reach up to 40 mm, weigh 30-40 grams, the skin tone is deep red.

The pulp is medium-dense, juicy, color is orange, the taste is sweet and sour. When ripe, the fruits do not crack, the variety is frost-resistant and practically immune to most ailments that plums fall ill with.

Late-ripe harvested variety bred by German breeder L. Shpet. The plant is tall and durable.

The fruits are oval, less often ovoid, even on the sides, weigh up to 50 grams each, the color of the dense skin is purple-red, there is a wax coating, the density of the pulp is good, the color is yellow-green.

The variety tolerates wintering and dry weather relatively well, but is often affected by various ailments.

Volga beauty

The fruits reach a weight of about 40 grams, the shape is round, slightly elongated, the density of the pulp is medium, dark yellow in color, tastes sweet-sour, the fruits are covered with a skin of purple hue. This variety is universal, painlessly survives wintering, the fruits retain their qualities during long-term transportation.

An early variety of table plum. The height of an adult plant usually does not exceed 5 meters, the plant is medium spread. The shape of the fruit is round, the color of the thin skin is dark blue with the presence of plaque.

The weight of the fruit varies between 20-30 grams, the color of the pulp is orange-yellow, its structure is loose and juicy.

The variety is a representative of a group of self-infertile plums, resistance to cold is quite high.

Zarechnaya early

Early ripening high-yielding grade. The plant is medium-sized, the crown is compact.

When forming, the fruits become like a slightly rounded oval, the maximum mass of one is 50 grams, the integumentary color is deep purple with a thick coating.

The structure of the pulp is dense, the color is amber, the taste is sour-sweet. The variety stands out among colleagues for frost resistance, the annual yield is stable, the commercial quality of the fruits is high.

The ultra-early variety got its name for the sweetness of the fruit. The height of the fruit tree does not exceed 3 meters, the plant looks compact.

The fruits are round, weigh about 30-40 grams, the color of the thin skin is burgundy red with the presence of a bluish plaque. The pulp is sweet in taste, its color is honey-yellow.

The variety is well adapted to cold weather, painlessly tolerates frosts down to -20 degrees, is immune to most common diseases.

Peach

The variety belongs to early ripe and large-fruited, the plant is medium-sized, the crown is not too thick.

Fruits are mostly rounded, less often ovoid, slightly flattened at the tops, on average weight is 40-50 grams, but sometimes they can reach 70 grams.

The peel is dense, has a yellow-green color with a purple blush, the structure of the pulp is dense, juicy, its taste is sweet and sour, the winter hardiness of the variety is quite low, but it is resistant to disease.

A variety of homemade early ripe plums. The plant is medium-sized, in height it can grow up to 3 meters, spreading. The fruits have a rounded shape, usual for plums, their sizes are rather small (20-25 grams), reaching biological ripeness, they are covered with yellow-green skin. The fruit pulp is juicy, medium dense. The variety is appreciated by gardeners for its high level of cold resistance.

The variety has early maturity. The tree does not grow very tall, the crown is not thickened. The oval shape of the fruits and their small size (10-15 grams) distinguish this variety from others, the skin tone is dark purple, a waxy coating is present. The pulp is green with a yellow tint, the structure is dense and juicy. The variety is self-fertile and does not require pollinator plants.

A variety with a mid-late fruit ripening period, bred by US breeders. The tree is low, the density of the crown is weak. Fruits are ovoid, not even on the sides, large, weigh up to 60 grams, the integumentary color is deep purple, plaque is present. The color of the pulp is yellow, it is fibrous and dense. This plum variety is quite winter-hardy, but it is not very popular in the regions of Siberia and the Urals.

Early ripe variety of home plum, suitable for cultivation in the middle lane. The plant is not tall, the density of the crown is medium.

The shape of the fruit is oval, and the mass is about 25-30 grams, the skin color is green with yellowness, there is a slight plaque, the pulp has a dense structure, juicy.

Fruits tolerate transportation well, the frost resistance of the variety is medium, and resistance to ailments is high.

The ripening fruits of this variety of domestic plum are medium late. The fruit tree grows quite tall, the crown is not too thick. The shape of the fruit is more often roundish, less often roundly elongated, the mass varies from 40 to 60 grams, the shade of the dense skin is blue-violet, the flesh is yellow, it tastes sweet. The variety is self-fertile, high-yielding and winter-hardy.

A variety with early maturity. The height of the plant is above average, the density of the crown is medium.

The fruits have an oval-ovoid shape, are covered with a purple-reddish skin, a thick waxy coating. The pulp is juicy, the structure is dense, it tastes sweet with a slight acidity.

The variety is valued for its high level of winter hardiness and immunity to the main ailments that affect the plum.

Varieties of plums with a name, photo and description

Good day, dear like-minded people. My name is Sofia and I'm just a farmer. Our farm specializes in fruit trees, so I know a lot about them. Today I will talk about varieties of a tree such as plum, which are suitable for growing in Russia.

About variety and classification of varieties

In botany, under the concept of plum, a whole genus of plants is accepted, which includes more than 250 species, among which, for example, almonds, cherries, bird cherry, etc. In gardening, only a few species are considered to be plum, among which are home plum, Chinese plum, and cherry plum.

Chinese plum in Russia feels fine only in the southern regions. The most popular in the middle zone of cherry plum and plum is homemade, which was previously divided into several categories:

  • Real Hungarians
  • Damask plums,
  • Damascus Hungarians,
  • Damask Hungarian plums (greenbacks).

Today, there are so many hybrids and clones that to create an accurate classification of all varieties of plums does not seem real. Therefore, it is worth stopping at the most suitable grades for Russia, more precisely, its average strip.

Honey white

The variety is classified as dessert. The trees are tall, the crowns are extensive, the density of branches is medium. It has honey white and good yield. It is tolerant both to drought and to evil frost, therefore it grows well even where the climate is sharply continental. Its fruits are round and yellow; there is a waxy coating on the skin.

The trees are very miniature - about one and a half meters. The crowns are round and slightly raised. The first fruits appear only in August. It has a good yield - from 15 kg per tree.

Ussuri

It is considered (and rightfully) the most northern variety. It is very similar to Chinese plum, but it withstands the living conditions in Siberia. The height of the trees is up to three meters. Almost does not freeze, it bears fruit well even after frost at minus 40. The fruits are small, the Ussuri pests almost do not touch. Needs cross-pollination.

It is also able to withstand frost at minus 40, and sometimes even at minus 45. Among the problems, it is perhaps freezing with a slight frost after thaws.

The fruits are quite small, dark blue or raspberry color, quite sweet, but with an astringent bone. There are thorns on the branches, the crown of the plum is wide and spreading. Height - up to two and a half to three meters.

Plum - a description of the 22 most popular varieties: yellow, greengage, hungarian and others (Photos &) + Reviews

In this article we will get acquainted with the description of the most popular plum varieties in our country. Plum is one of the most common crops in Russian gardens. It has about 250 species, and its varieties obtained by crossing, simply can not be counted. Asia is considered her homeland, but she also firmly established herself in our areas.

People are usually used to seeing plums of purple and blue shades on tables and store shelves. But there are varieties that have very different colors. Yellow plum is one such.

It was obtained by crossing cherry plum, wild plum. This hybrid, due to its sweet taste, is suitable both for the preparation of various sweets, and for fresh consumption.

Consider some varieties of yellow plum.

Some sources refer to the "firefly" pollinators:

  • Collective farm greenhouse
  • Lighthouse
  • Record
  • Greengage fruitful

Plum Greengage

Under this name, different varieties of one species are combined - home plum. Western Europe is considered to be the birthplace of plum greengage. These are trees with a height of 5 to 7 m. Berries are ovoid. Their color, depending on the variety, can be from yellow-green to purple. The peel is matte.

This group received special value for its taste. The fruits inside are soft, juicy, sweet. Productivity directly depends on weather conditions. They can bear fruit even once every few years.

The most famous varieties from the Greenclod group:

  • Green
  • Enikeeva
  • Soviet
  • Blue
  • Pridential
  • Michurinsky
  • Karbysheva
  • Kuibyshevsky
  • Leah
  • Tatar
  • Ulena

Let's consider some of them in more detail.

As pollinators should be planted:

  • Greenclod Green
  • Donetsk early
  • Greengage Altana
  • Hungarian Donetsk

Plum Hungarian

Plums Vengerka - a group of varieties that can grow in different climatic conditions. Their agricultural technology is not difficult, so this group is suitable for beginners to grow gardeners.

Trees, up to 6 m high. Their fruits are ellipsoid in various shades of blue and purple. Inside the berries are dense, yellow. Fruiting every year. Most Hungarian fruits do not require planting pollinator varieties with them.

The berries of this group of plants are used to make prunes. Hungarians bear fruit well, are resistant to drought, suitable for storage, transportation, but the first crop can be harvested no earlier than 6 years after planting.

Plum Column-shaped

This type of plums appeared in our country several decades ago. But many gardeners “liked” it. Its main difference can be considered an extremely narrow crown - 80 cm. Varieties of plum-shaped plums are conveniently planted in small areas, since they do not have spreading branches. But such plants have a significant drawback - they do not tolerate low temperatures.

Colon-shaped plum does not differ in a large number of varieties.

The most famous:

  • Imperial (pink fruit)
  • Mirabelle (yellow berries)
  • Blue Sweet (purple fruit)

These are small trees, about 2 m high, produce up to 16 kg of fruit. They can be used both fresh and for jam, jam, etc. Fruiting begins at 3 years of age. Productivity is growing every year.

Chinese plum

The birthplace of this plum is China. Its varieties are most often distributed in our country in the Far East and Siberia.

The main features of Chinese plum are their early fruiting, rapid growth. The first crop of trees is harvested 1-2 years after planting. With age, the number of fruits on the plant becomes larger.

In large-fruited varieties, berries reach 120 g. Depending on the variety, their peel may be yellow, red, purple, orange. They are well stored, suitable for long-distance transportation.

The pulp is sweet, with a strong aroma and fused bone, which is not easy to separate. But in taste they are much inferior to home plum. Consider some varieties in more detail.

Plum red meat

One of the late varieties of Chinese plum, which combines many varieties. Fruiting begins in mid-August. These are trees of medium height, not higher than 2.5 m, with a crown in the shape of a ball.

Plums are painted in dark raspberry color, weigh about 25 g. It tastes sweet and sour, with a strong aroma. Inside the raspberry pulp is a small bone, easily detachable from the main part.

All varieties are self-infertile. As a pollinator, it is recommended to plant other varieties next to Krasnomyasa:

The most famous:

  • Red meat big
  • Red meat resistant
  • Mountain red meat
  • Mid-mountain red-meat
  • Red meat piedmont
  • Red meat drooping
  • Red meat
  • Lilac red meat

Consider some of them.

Plum Giant

This variety combines many varieties of large plum. Their name is associated with a large mass of fruits, which, when ripe, can be up to 110 g.

The trees are strong. The first crop is harvested 3 years after planting, in mid-September. Suitable for transportation over long distances.

The fruits can be consumed in any form. The color of the peel, depending on the subspecies, can be either light shades of red or purple. The berries inside are yellow. The seed is separated from the pulp with difficulty.

"Giant" is not distinguished by the sweetness of berries. When planting in the middle of Russia, the plant must be sheltered for the winter. Low temperatures can affect the size and taste of the fruit.

To obtain high yields, a tree needs regular maintenance.

The most popular varieties of the "Giant":

  • Top Giant Plus
  • Giant burbank

Plum Prunes

Many people know that to obtain the well-known dried fruit - prunes, plums are used. But not all varieties of this culture are suitable for drying.

The most suitable for the manufacture of prunes are considered:

  • Hungarian Italian
  • Greengage Rososhansky
  • Blue bird
  • Hungarian Korneevskaya
  • Prune of Adygea

Chemal large

After planting a tree, the plum tree begins to bear its first fruits for 3-4 years. The buds and tree are able to withstand winter frosts. Very demanding tree to moisture. The variety is not self-fertile.

Learn how to grow zucchini in the open ground, you can from this article.

What are the best seeds of zucchini for open ground, indicated in this article.

You can find out how eggplant is grown and cared for in open ground here: //gidfermer.com/sadovodstvo/ovoshhevodstvo/vyrashhivanie-baklazhanov-v-otkrytom-grunte.html

Early red

The presented variety was obtained during folk selection. Refers to precocious, self-fertile. The fruits are presented in the form of an oval, have a purple color. The pulp is very sweet, dense, sourness is present. The ripeness of the fruit is observed in August.

The variety is early ripe, the growth of the tree is low. The plant is unpretentious in care, can give an excellent crop, growing on loam. The soil should be well moistened and fertilized with organic compounds. The fruit is fleshy, purple in color, tastes sweet and sour.

The largest and sweetest plum varieties with photos and descriptions

Plum is one of the favorite fruit trees in our latitudes. Its fruits contain many vitamins, organic acids and minerals (more than in apples and pears), they are beautiful, tasty and fresh, and in conservation. And if the plums are also large!

We present to your attention the TOP-7 proven harvesting varieties of large plum that will feel great on a site located in the middle lane (including in the suburbs).

Plum Giant (Blue Giant, Top Giant)

Ripening period is late ripening, the crop begins to be harvested from mid-September.

The tree is medium-sized (up to 4 m) with a rounded rare crown.

The fruits are very large (up to 90-110 g), ovoid, dark blue with a bluish bloom. The skin is medium density, the flesh is juicy, tender, sweet with a slight acidity.

Fruiting occurs on the 3-4th year after planting, then annual. Flowering in April - often suffers from spring frosts.

The variety is partially self-fertile, high-yielding (up to 70 kg per tree), of medium frost resistance, resistant to a number of fungal diseases and scab (smallpox), but is affected by pests, requires pruning.

The fruits are perfectly transportable. Recommended for fresh use and for processing.

Blueberry Plum (Bluebell)

Ripening period is late ripening, the crop begins to be harvested from the third decade of September.

The tree is vigorous with a rounded medium-dense crown.

Fruits are large (up to 70-80 g), elongated-oval in shape, slightly asymmetric, dark purple with intense blue bloom. The skin is dense, the pulp is juicy, tender, sweet and sour, aromatic.

Fruiting occurs 2-3rd year after planting, then annual. Flowering later in May.

The variety is partially self-fertile, high-yielding (up to 65 kg per tree), winter-hardy, resistant to most diseases and pests.

The fruits are perfectly transportable. Recommended for fresh use and for processing.

Plum President

Ripening period is late ripening, the crop begins to be harvested from the second decade of September.

The tree is medium-sized (up to 4 m) with a rounded medium-dense crown.

Fruits are large (up to 50-70 g), roundish, blue-burgundy. The skin is of medium thickness, the flesh is juicy, tender, sour-sweet.

Fruiting occurs on the 5-6th year after planting, then annual. Flowering later, in mid-May.

The variety is highly self-fertile, high-yielding (up to 70 kg per tree), winter-hardy, drought-resistant, low susceptibility to scab, resistance to other diseases is average.

The fruits are well transportable, stored for a long time. Recommended for fresh use and for processing.

Plum Start

Ripening period is super-early; they begin to harvest from the end of July.

The tree is medium-sized (up to 4 m) with a wide dense crown.

Fruits are large (up to 50-60 g), elongated-oval, purple. The skin is dense with a strong waxy coating, the flesh is very juicy, tender, sweet with a slight acidity, fragrant.

Fruiting occurs on the 3-4th year after planting, then annual. Flowering later in early May.

The variety is self-fertile, of medium yield (up to 40 kg per tree), winter-hardy, resistant to most diseases and pests, the tree needs pruning.

The fruits are well transportable. Recommended for fresh use and for processing.

Stanley Plum

Ripening period is late ripening, the crop begins to be harvested from the second decade of August.

The tree is medium-sized (up to 4 m) with a highly oval, compressed rare crown.

Fruits are large (up to 50-60 g), ovoid, dark purple with a thick coating. Peel of medium thickness, pulp of medium juiciness, dense, sweet with a slight acidity.

Fruiting occurs on the 4-5th year after planting, then annual. Flowering in late April.

The variety is partially self-fertile, medium yield (up to 50 kg per tree), resistant to polystigmosis and sharka, but not enough - to moniliosis, average drought tolerance and winter hardiness.

Fruits are resistant to cracking in wet summers, are well transportable. Recommended for fresh use and for processing.

Watch the video: This Crazy Tree Grows 40 Kinds of Fruit. National Geographic (January 2020).