Folded anfeltia (Ahnfeltia plicata)

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Folded anfeltia (Ahnfeltia plicata) grows in cold seas and oceans in the coastal zone, the most common species. Used in industry for the manufacture of agar-agar.

Anfeltia Tobuchinsky (Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis) grows in the Far Eastern seas.

In medicine

In medicine and laboratory practice, algae thalli are used to produce iodine and agar-agar. Anfelcium allows you to create nutrient media for bacteria, which are used in laboratory studies of microbiology.

Agar, extracted from anfelcia, is used for the preparation of drugs in absorbable tablets, for hardening pastes (in dentures), during studies and analyzes of blood serum and protein.

Algae helps to reduce cholesterol in the blood, serves as protection against atherosclerosis. Anfelciya is indicated for chronic constipation to normalize bowel function. It is used in the form of infusions and decoctions, as well as a dry biological food additive. It serves as a good helper for people who have diabetes and lowers blood glucose levels. There are fucoidan in anfeltia, slowing down the development of breast cancer. Many scientists ascribe an ability to not only slow down, but also stop the development of oncological diseases. Therefore, dried obfeltsiya added to the charges for the treatment of malignant tumors.

Contraindications for the use of products from anfeltia almost does not exist, the only reason for the prohibition is individual intolerance, which is very rare.

Reducing the amount of anfelcium is due to diarrhea, while this disease is to reduce the amount of algae in the diet to 3 grams per day.

In cooking

In the food and confectionery industry, agar is used to make marmalade, marshmallow, jams. Based on it, they prepare many sweets, especially vegetarian ones. Traditionally gelatin was made from animal bones, but now it is increasingly being abandoned, switching to raw materials of plant origin. Its advantage is that when adding a minimum amount of a substance, rapid hardening occurs, it is not necessary to observe the temperature regime and wait a long time for the result.

In East Asia, enfeltia is used as a salad. It is washed, cut into pieces and mixed with other ingredients. Bright plant makes the dishes beautiful and tasty.

In cosmetology

Today, the procedure of wrapping in beauty salons is very popular. For its implementation using different algae. Anfelcia helps to release the skin from toxins and toxins, increases blood flow, stimulates metabolism, heals micro-injuries, and improves the general condition of the skin. Regular procedures can reduce the volume of the body, hide stretch marks, remove spider veins.

An infusion of anfelcium is added to the baths, this improves the condition of the skin, as it is saturated with vitamins, increases the outflow of lymph and as a result reduces the volume of the body. After 4-5 procedures 1-2 centimeters leave.

Anfeltia is sometimes used to create jelly-like masks. The nutritional formula has a soft texture, easily applied with a thick layer on the face and neck. In contact with air, the mass begins to harden and after 10-15 minutes is removed as a film.

Classification

Anfeltia folded (Ahnfeltia plicata) - seaweed. It belongs to the family of phyllophoric. The type variety is red algae (Rhodophyta). There are two types of folded anfelcia, the first one grows on rocks, and the second one spreads along the seabed. The latter is often called anfelcia tobuchi.

Botanical description

Folded anfeltia is an alga that reaches a height of 20 to 25 centimeters. Its thin branched shoots with internodes (thallus) form dense thick tussocks up to half a meter wide, from purple to dark purple or almost black. The coloring is non-uniform, the amount of color pigment in each leaf may vary. The thickness of the shoots - up to one and a half millimeters, internodes - 0.5-1.2 centimeters. Reproduced by spores in the spring and summer, creeping shoots and pieces of thallus.

In nature, enfelcium exists in two ecological forms: at the beginning of its development, it is attached to the ground by the sole of a turf, growing on rocks and stones, and later - lying loosely on silt or among other floating algae. This is a perennial plant, forming a huge thickets at the bottom of cold waters.

Spread

Spreading anfeltia is common in cold seas. Its accumulations were found in the Far East: in the Sea of ​​Japan, the White Sea, the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, and the Barents Sea. Rarely found in the Baltic and Chukchi seas. It grows at a depth of 2 to 35 meters. It can be attached to the surface of the stones or just lie at the bottom, forming extensive layers. Usually there are no strong currents in places where anfeltia accumulates.

Preparation of raw materials

In the Sea of ​​Japan, the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, the White Sea, enfeltia grows rapidly, forming thickets. It usually grows far from the coast. Seaweed is harvested after a low tide or storm, when it is stranded, or on the high seas. Attached anfelcium is collected from the bottom by special dredges (similar to a rake), which have long and frequent teeth. The collection of unattached anfelcia takes place with the help of fish pumps installed on ships or mechanical dredges. Intensive fishing of this useful algae leads to its extinction, since the scattered small areas are washed away over certain territories and its habitat is often not restored. Anfeltia exists only in the wild, artificial breeding does not give significant results.

After collecting it is dried, crushed and used as a dietary supplement. The huge content of iodine makes it very useful. Special processing helps to get agar-agar.

Chemical composition

Folded anfeltia has a different composition, depending on the habitat and time of year. But invariably in chemical analysis there are agar and agar-like substances, iodine, protein, ash, lipids, polysaccharides, water. Even an unprocessed plant is capable of jelly formation, has a gelling property. In summer, the amount of agar decreases, while in winter it increases.

Vitamin A, C, D, E, as well as group B, useful microelements, such as iodine, iron, zinc, potassium, and calcium, are part of the enfelcia of folded. Algae carbohydrates are a mixture of galactose and glucose polymers.

Anfelcium is saturated with polysaccharides and proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. The plant is a natural source of chlorophyll and xanthophyll, phycoerythrin and phycocyan. Trace elements and vitamins in the composition of the algae are iron and folic acid, galactose and glucuronic acid.

Pharmacological properties

Anfelcium has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, helps to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, serves as protection against atherosclerosis. It is indicated for chronic constipation to normalize the work of the intestine and stomach. Recommended for use by diabetics because reduces blood glucose levels. Fucoidan contained in anfeltia slows down the development of breast cancer.

History reference

The study of algae in Russia began in the XIX century. Studies have allowed us to identify a large number of useful components that are part of various drugs, as well as enriched the food industry. The study of anfelcia began in the 1890s and became widespread. Algologists (specialists in aquatic plants) identified the composition and methods of reproduction of kelp, fucus, anfeltia, etc.

Anfeltia is considered a perennial plant, but mass harvesting destroys it in its habitats. Scientists have long tried to create a method of artificial cultivation of this vegetation. Ksenia Gemp had particular results, she had been studying unofeltia since the 40s, and it was only in 1967 that the first artificial plantation on the Solovetsky Islands was created. Such cultivation is not economically viable, but in the future, when the stock of vegetation of this species almost dries out, there is a possibility of introducing such a technique.

Use in traditional medicine

Particularly popular in folk medicine, anfeltia received from the northern peoples. With the help of algae on the shores of the White, Sea of ​​Okhotsk, it is customary to treat metabolism, obesity, impotence, skin diseases. An infusion is usually prepared from several types of algae, they are poured with water and kept in a warm place for a month. Every 10 days you need to change the water, and every 3 days to remove the colored foam that forms on the surface of the liquid.

Infusion consumed inside to improve overall health, it helps to restore metabolism, positively affect the immune system. They can also treat skin diseases, make compresses from it, which reduce any rash on the surface of the skin.

With the help of anfeltsii can lose weight. To do this, before each meal for 30 minutes you need to drink the infusion of algae. Half a teaspoon of dried folded anfelcia is poured 200 ml of hot green tea, infused for 10 minutes and drunk. Agar contained in the medical material enters the stomach and swells, creating a feeling of satiety. In the future, a person eats much less, and this reduces the overall caloric intake, which leads to a decrease in volume.

Anfelcium is added to baby food in powder form to enrich the diet with iodine. This is true for areas that are far from the sea, which means there is a lack of this component in the diet.

Literature

G. A. Belyakova, Yu. T. Dyakov, K. L. Tarasov. Botany. In 4 volumes. - M .: "Publishing Center" Academy "", 2006. - T. 2.

Biological encyclopedic dictionary. Ch. ed. M.S. Gilyarov. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia, 1986.

Shishlova J.N. Medicinal plants. / Rostov: KN. Publishing house, 1991. - 143

Kizevetter I.V., Gruner V.S., Evtushenko V.A. Processing of algae and other commercial aquatic plants. - M .: Food industry, 1967

Application in everyday life

Anfeltia is the most common source of agar-agar and other thickeners. The ability of agar to form jelly-like masses has found application in the food industry and in microbiology. Agar-agar is similar to gelatin. Therefore, with its help they make such delicious desserts as pastila and jams, marshmallows and marmalade, souffles and sorbets.

Composition and medicinal properties

Anfelcium is saturated with polysaccharides and protein, carbohydrates and lipids. The plant is a natural source of chlorophyll and xanthophyll, phycoerythrin and phycocyan. Trace elements and vitamins in the composition of the algae are iron and folic acid, galactose and glucuronic acid.

The alga has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, it helps to reduce cholesterol in the blood, serves as protection against atherosclerosis. Anfeltsiya is shown at chronic locks, normalization of work of intestines and a stomach. It serves as a good helper for people who suffer from diabetes by lowering blood glucose levels. There are fucoidan in the plant that slows down the development of breast cancer. Many scientists ascribe an ability to not only slow down, but also stop the development of oncological diseases.

The use of anfelcia in traditional medicine: recipes

This wonderful sea product is actively used by herbalists and homeopaths as part of the recipes for the treatment of many diseases. Here are some of them:

    Enhance immunity. For healing the body prepare the drink. It is necessary to mix 100 grams of dry kelp, anfelcia, fucus. This composition is placed in a 10-liter glass container, pour five liters of boiled water and cover with a lid. Leave the healing liquid for a month in a warm place. A red-brown patina will form on the surface of the liquid. Every 10 days it is necessary to drain the water completely and replace it with fresh. When the drink is ready, it is filtered, poured into a glass container and drink a glass before the morning meal. This remedy is useful in metabolic disorders and obesity, cardiovascular diseases and problems with the joints, renal edema and polyps.

Contraindications

You can not apply anfeltsiya for the treatment of diseases to children under the age of three, with a tendency to allergies. This alga is not recommended for people suffering from diarrhea and digestive disorders. In this case, the daily amount of dry anfelcia with regular use should not exceed 3-4 grams.

Botanical characteristic of folded anfelcia

Folded Anfeltia refers to the genus of red algae; it is an abundantly spaced bushes, light yellow, dark red or purple, whose height is 25 centimeters. The plant has a sole, from which a large number of coarse, filiform, branching in the upper part of the shoots, entangled in a bunch. Their tops are forked. Anfeltia - inhabitant of the sea. These perennial plants form whole strata, thickets, they can be found on the bottom, on the underwater rocks of the northern and Far Eastern seas, in the seas of tropical and subtropical countries.

Also the places of algae are the Black Sea and the coast of Norway. Each bush of red algae is unevenly colored, which is explained by the unequal ratio of pigment substances. Propagated by spores and vegetatively.

Useful properties of anfeltsii

Due to the fact that pectin-cellulose cell walls of enfelcion and intercellular substance emit a lot of mucus and the whole plant acquires a mucous consistency, it is used to produce agar-agar. Algae contains chlorophyll, xanthophyll, phycoerythrin, phycocyan. From the reserve products there is oil, starch, which, when interacting with iodine, turns red. The alfalfa is a rich source of iron, and it contains folic acid, galactose, glucuronic and pyruvic acid, agarose and agaropectin.

Anfeltsiya has antibacterial properties. When using products from algae, a decrease in cholesterol level and a decrease in sugar absorption is observed. With the help of plants you can get rid of toxins.

Use of anfelcium

The value of anfelcia in the application for medicinal purposes is very high. In some countries of East Asia, the plant is eaten. Red algae are the raw material for the production of agar-agar and iodine. In Norway, after low tide, the sea coastal zone is covered with algae, they become a favorite delicacy of sheep. For therapeutic use apply all parts of the plant. Agar is a high molecular weight polysaccharide whose gelling ability is 15 times greater than that of gelatin.

It is used for making marmalade and jelly, it is useful to use in chronic constipation. Ferrous matter normalizes intestinal motility, restores the function of the stomach. From the algae prepare tablets designed for slow resorption. Agar is an excellent nutrient medium used in microbiology for the study of blood and sugar proteins. Agar is also used in dentistry, it is the main component for the production of hardening pastes used in dental prosthetics. It is ideal for diabetics and for those who choose vegetarianism and healthy food.

Contraindications anfeltsii

From the point of view of safety for the human body, alfalfa can be used for food and medicinal purposes. Contraindications to the use of can be intolerant to starchy substances.

Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).

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